Biodiversity COP from Monday, ambiguity about India's targets achieved

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Environment News: NEW DELHI: The 15th Conference of Parties to the 1992 UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP) starts on Monday at China's Kunming, mostly a vi.
NEW DELHI: The 15th Conference of Parties to the 1992 UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP) starts on Monday at China's Kunming, mostly a virtual session, where as per the UN officials, governments will "need to commit to repairing our broken relationship with nature."But is India repairing the broken relationship or breaking the existing one?The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international, legally binding treaty with three main goals: conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. India is a signatory to the CBD and hence, liable to implement the strategic targets set under the convention.From time to time, national reports are sent to the CBD secretariat about the progress on different counts. The 2018 sixth national report by India claimed that India is "on track" to achieve the biodiversity targets. "Over 20 per cent of India's total geographical area is under biodiversity conservation and India has exceeded in achieving the terrestrial component of 17 per cent of Aichi target 11 and 20 per cent of the National Biodiversity Targets (NBT) 6."For implementation of Aichi Targets, the signatory country had to submit national targets based on the legal framework of their country. Also, India adopted 12 NBT under the Convention."However, this appears to be far from the truth," said Associate Analyst with the Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment (LIFE), Tanvi Sharma An analysis by LIFE has calculated that currently India's geographical area under protected areas is 1,71,921 sq kms under 981 protected areas,…
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