The Association for Software Testing, commonly referred to as the AST, is dedicated to advancing the understanding of the science and practice of software testing according to context-driven principles. AST's membership consists of scholars, students and practitioners who are interested in the advancement of the field of software testing. The group was founded in the United States in 2004 by Cem Kaner. AST has multiple objectives including: Fostering cross-pollination of ideas between scholars, students and practitioners. Hosting an annual conference focused on cross-community information sharing. Promoting ethical behavior for all software testers. Supporting peer workshops related to software testing.