Taxonomy

Science of finding, describing, defining and naming groups of biological organisms
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biotaxonomy
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Taxonomy
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8/10/2001
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In biology, taxonomy (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method') is the science of naming, defining (circumscribing) and classifying groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain, kingdom, phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class, order, family, genus, and species. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus is regarded as the founder of the current system of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorizing organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms. With the advent of such fields of study as phylogenetics, cladistics, and systematics, the Linnaean system has progressed to a system of modern biological classification based on the evolutionary relationships between organisms, both living and extinct.
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Systems of zoological classification
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Theory of faceted classification
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Taxonomic classification
Alpha taxonomy
Classifying Organisms
Classifying organisms
Taxonomical nomenclature
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Taxonomize
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Taxology
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Category (taxonomy)
Classification of species
The classification of living things
Scientific classification
Classification (biology)
Classification of living species
Rank-based taxonomy
Biological classification
Scientific Classification
Taxonomy of Life
Classification of living organisms
Biological taxonomy
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Alpha Taxonomy
Taxonomic nomenclature
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Diagnosis (taxonomy)
History of taxonomy
Biological Classification
Beta taxonomy
Macrotaxonomy
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Taxonomy (zoology)
Taxonomy (botany)
Taxon authority
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