San Francisco

Consolidated city-county in California, United States
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FebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJuly0500
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inception
June 29, 1776
alias
San Francisco, California
The City by the Bay
SF
SFO
The Golden City
Paris of the West
Baghdad by the Bay
San Francisco County
San Francisco County, California
San Fran
Frisco
City and County of San Francisco
official name
San Francisco (english)
native label
San Francisco (english)
coordinate location
latitude37.778
longitude-122.416
precision0
population
1850190019502000500k
805,235
point in time
April 1, 2010
determination method
preferred
884,363
point in time
2017
870,887
point in time
July 1, 2016
852,469
point in time
July 1, 2014
837,442
point in time
July 1, 2013
determination method
827,420
point in time
July 1, 2012
determination method
815,016
point in time
July 1, 2011
determination method
805,704
point in time
July 1, 2010
determination method
739,426
point in time
2005
776,733
point in time
2000
723,959
point in time
1990
678,974
point in time
1980
715,674
point in time
1970
740,316
point in time
1960
775,357
point in time
1950
634,536
point in time
1940
634,394
point in time
1930
506,676
point in time
1920
416,912
point in time
1910
342,782
point in time
1900
298,997
point in time
1890
233,959
point in time
1880
149,473
point in time
1870
56,802
point in time
1860
25,000
point in time
1849
1,000
point in time
1848
elevation above sea level
52 foot
has facility
area
600.592 square kilometre
postal code
94110
94103
94133
94107
94109
94108
94105
official website
language of work or name
retrieved
April 23, 2017
hashtag
SanFrancisco
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
seal image
media
local dialing code
415
628
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--79461
Commons category
San Francisco
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of San Francisco
Wikimedia Commons URL
coordinates of easternmost point
latitude37.815
longitude-122.359
precision0
coordinates of northernmost point
latitude37.811
longitude-122.477
precision0
coordinates of southernmost point
latitude37.708
longitude-122.467
precision0
coordinates of westernmost point
latitude37.778
longitude-122.514
precision0
page banner
twinned administrative body
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
11/13/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
San Francisco, officially City and County of San Francisco and colloquially known as SF, San Fran, Frisco, or The City, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California. San Francisco is the 15th-most populous city in the United States, and the fourth-most populous in California, with 883,305 residents as of 2018. It covers an area of about 46.89 square miles (121.4 km2), mostly at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second most densely populated large U.S. city, and the fifth-most densely populated U.S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. San Francisco is the 12th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States by population, with 4.7 million people, and the 4th-largest by economic output, with GDP of $549 billion in 2018. With San Jose, it forms the fifth-most populous combined statistical area in the United States, the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area (9.67 million residents in 2018). As of 2018, San Francisco was the seventh-highest income county in the United States, with a per capita personal income of $130,696. In the same year, San Francisco proper had a GDP of $183.2 billion, and a GDP per capita of $207,371. The CSA San Francisco shares with San Jose and Oakland was the country's third-largest urban economy as of 2018, with a GDP of $1.03 trillion. Of the 500+ primary statistical areas in the U.S., this CSA had among the highest GDP per capita in 2018, at $106,757. San Francisco was ranked 12th in the world and 2nd in the United States on the Global Financial Centres Index as of September 2019. As of 2016, the San Francisco metropolitan area had the highest GDP per capita, labor productivity, and household income levels in the OECD. San Francisco was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asís a few miles away, all named for St. Francis of Assisi. The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856. San Francisco's status as the West Coast's largest city peaked between 1870 and 1900, when around 25% of California's population resided in the city proper. After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a major port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. It then became the birthplace of the United Nations in 1945. After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, significant immigration, liberalizing attitudes, along with the rise of the "hippie" counterculture, the Sexual Revolution, the Peace Movement growing from opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, and other factors led to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement, cementing San Francisco as a center of liberal activism in the United States. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines. A popular tourist destination, San Francisco is known for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, and landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, Fisherman's Wharf, and its Chinatown district. San Francisco is also the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co., Gap Inc., Fitbit, Salesforce.com, Dropbox, Reddit, Square, Inc., Dolby, Airbnb, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Yelp, Pinterest, Twitter, Uber, Lyft, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation and Craigslist. The city, and the surrounding Bay Area, is a global center of the sciences and arts and is home to a number of educational and cultural institutions, such as the University of San Francisco (USF), University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco State University (SFSU), the De Young Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the SFJAZZ Center, and the California Academy of Sciences. As of 2019[update], San Francisco is the highest rated American city on world liveability rankings.
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