Spanish

Romance language originating on the Iberian peninsula, spoken in Spain and South and Central America
trends
JuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober0500
alias
es
Castilian
Spanish language
Castilian language
Español
native label
español (spanish)
castellano (spanish)
short name
испанский (russian)
іспанська (ukrainian)
ispanca (azerbaijani)
number of speakers
437,000,000
point in time
2017
applies to part
preferred
470,000,000
point in time
2015
applies to part
436,667,750
point in time
2012
applies to part
70,606,900
point in time
1/1/2010
applies to part
89,500,000
applies to part
Wikimedia language code
es
distribution map
media
Linguasphere code
51-AAA-b
Universal Decimal Classification
811.134.2
exact match
Commons category
Spanish language
OSM tag or key
Key:language:es
page banner
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
10/30/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Spanish (/ˈspænɪʃ/ (listen); español (help·info)), or Castilian (/kæˈstɪliən/ (listen), castellano (help·info)), is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula and today has over 483 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas. It is a global language, the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese, and the world's fourth-most spoken language, after Mandarin Chinese, English and Hindi. Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. The oldest Latin texts with traces of Spanish come from mid-northern Iberia in the 9th century, and the first systematic written use of the language happened in Toledo, a prominent city of the Kingdom of Castile, in the 13th century. Beginning in 1492, the Spanish language was taken to the viceroyalties of the Spanish Empire, most notably to the Americas, as well as territories in Africa, Oceania and the Philippines. A 1949 study by Italian-American linguist Mario Pei, analyzing the degree of difference from a language's parent (Latin, in the case of Romance languages) by comparing phonology, inflection, syntax, vocabulary, and intonation, indicated the following percentages (the higher the percentage, the greater the distance from Latin): In the case of Spanish, it is one of the closest Romance languages to Latin (20% distance), only behind Sardinian (8% distance) and Italian (12% distance). Around 75% of modern Spanish vocabulary is derived from Latin, including Latin borrowings from Ancient Greek. Spanish vocabulary has been in contact with Arabic from an early date, having developed during the Al-Andalus era in the Iberian Peninsula. With around 8% of its vocabulary being Arabic in origin, this language makes up the second greatest vocabulary source after Latin itself. It has also been influenced by Basque, Iberian, Celtiberian, Visigothic, and by neighboring Ibero-Romance languages. Additionally, it has absorbed vocabulary from other languages, particularly other Romance languages—French, Italian, Andalusi Romance, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, and Sardinian—as well as from Quechua, Nahuatl, and other indigenous languages of the Americas. Spanish is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. It is also used as an official language by the European Union, the Organization of American States, the Union of South American Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the African Union and many other international organizations. Despite its large number of speakers, the Spanish language does not feature prominently in scientific writing, though it is better represented in the humanities. 75% of scientific production in Spanish is divided into three thematic areas: social sciences, medical sciences and arts/humanities. Spanish is the third most used language on the internet after English and Chinese.
Wikipedia redirect
Spanish-language
Spanish langugae
ISO 639:spa
ISO 639:es
Spanish (language)
Spanish Language
Espa'ol
Modern Spanish
Español language
Lengua española
Spansh language
Espanol language
İspanyolca dil
İspanyol
Spanyol
Spanyol nyelv
Španjolski
Španjolski jezik
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
2303
article in English Vikidia
article in French Vikidia
article in Italian Vikidia
article in Spanish Vikidia
ASC Leiden Thesaurus ID
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
Basisklassifikation
BDCYL authority ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Encyclopædia Universalis ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Getty AAT ID
Glottolog code
GND ID
GOST 7.75–97 code
исп 230
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
IAB code
1070
IETF language tag
es
ISO 639-1 code
es
ISO 639-2 code
ISO 639-3 code
Klexikon article ID
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PSH ID
Quora topic ID
UK Parliament thesaurus ID
UNESCO Thesaurus ID
WALS lect code
external links