Kolkata

Capital of West Bengal, India
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alias
Calcutta
City of Palaces
City of Processions
City of joy
official name
কলকাতা (bangla)
कोलकता (hindi)
Kolkata (english)
native label
কলকাতা (bangla)
demonym
Kolkatan (english)
coordinate location
latitude22.541
longitude88.338
precision0
population
1800190020002M4M
4,496,694
point in time
2011
preferred
4,580,544
point in time
2001
4,399,819
point in time
1991
3,305,006
point in time
1981
3,148,746
point in time
1971
2,927,280
point in time
1961
2,548,677
point in time
1951
2,108,891
point in time
1941
1,163,771
point in time
1931
907,851
point in time
1921
896,667
point in time
1911
847,796
point in time
1901
682,305
point in time
1891
612,307
point in time
1881
633,009
point in time
1872
229,000
point in time
1839
187,000
point in time
1831
45,000
point in time
1757
20,000
point in time
1737
12,000
point in time
1710
elevation above sea level
9 metre
area
185 square kilometre
official website
collage image
nighttime view
media
local dialing code
33
licence plate code
WB-01
WB-02
WB-03
WB-04
Commons category
Kolkata
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Kolkata
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located in or next to body of water
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Wikipedia creation date
2/25/2002
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Wikipedia opening text
Kolkata (/kɒlˈkʌtə/, Bengali: [kolkata] (listen), also known as Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the seventh most populous city; the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the suburb population brought the total to 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India. Kolkata Megalopolis is the area surrounding Kolkata Metropolitan city with additional population. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The city, nicknamed the "City of Joy" is widely regarded as the "cultural capital" of India and as of 2019, 6 Nobel Laureates have been associated with the city. Recent estimates of Kolkata Metropolitan Area's economy have ranged from $60 to $150 billion (GDP adjusted for purchasing power parity) making it third most-productive metropolitan area in India, after Mumbai and Delhi. In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Calcutta were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading licence in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified trading post. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Calcutta in 1756, and the East India Company retook it the following year. In 1793 the East India company was strong enough to abolish Nizamat (local rule), and assumed full sovereignty of the region. Under the company rule, and later under the British Raj, Calcutta served as the capital of British-held territories in India until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal, led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi. Calcutta was the centre for the Indian independence movement; it remains a hotbed of contemporary state politics. Following Indian independence in 1947, Kolkata, which was once the centre of modern Indian education, science, culture, and politics, suffered several decades of economic stagnation. As a nucleus of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance and a religiously and ethnically diverse centre of culture in Bengal and India, Kolkata has local traditions in drama, art, film, theatre, and literature. Many people from Kolkata—among them, several Nobel laureates—have contributed to the arts, the sciences, and other areas. Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India. Among professional scientific institutions, Kolkata hosts the Agri Horticultural Society of India, the Geological Survey of India, the Botanical Survey of India, the Calcutta Mathematical Society, the Indian Science Congress Association, the Zoological Survey of India, the Institution of Engineers, the Anthropological Survey of India and the Indian Public Health Association. Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata differs from other Indian cities by focusing on association football and other sports.
Wikipedia redirect
Calcutta, India
Kolkata, India
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Kolkatta
List of Kolkata facts
Kolkata, West Bengal
Calcutta, West Bengal
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Kolkatan
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start time
January 1, 2001
end time
December 31, 2000
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number of subscribers
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start time
January 1, 2001
end time
December 31, 2000
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