Maryland

State of the United States of America
trends
JuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovember0500
instance of
State of the United States
inception
April 28, 1788
alias
State of Maryland
Maryland, United States
MD
Md.
official name
Maryland (english)
start time
October 7, 1931
native label
State of Maryland (english)
nickname
Old Line State (english)
short name
MD (english)
start time
1963
Md. (english)
demonym
Marylander (english)
Marilandano (esperanto)
official language
No Value
motto text
Fatti maschii, parole femine (italian)
start time
1874
literal translation
Manly deeds, womanly words (english)
country
United States of America
located in the administrative territorial entity
United States of America
coordinate location
latitude39
longitude-76.7
precision0.017
highest point
Hoye-Crest
elevation above sea level
3,360 foot
replaces
Province of Maryland
point in time
April 28, 1788
population
192019401960198020002M4M6M
6,006,401
point in time
2015
determination method
5,928,814
point in time
2013
determination method
5,773,552
point in time
April 1, 2010
determination method
5,296,486
point in time
2000
determination method
4,781,468
point in time
1990
determination method
4,216,975
point in time
1980
determination method
3,922,399
point in time
1970
determination method
3,100,689
point in time
1960
determination method
2,343,001
point in time
1950
determination method
1,821,244
point in time
1940
determination method
1,631,526
point in time
1930
determination method
1,449,661
point in time
1920
determination method
1,295,346
point in time
1910
determination method
water as percent of area
21.222 percent
elevation above sea level
105 metre
350 foot
shares border with
Delaware
District of Columbia
Virginia
West Virginia
Pennsylvania
foundational text
Constitution of Maryland
pronunciation audio
language of work or name
IPA transcription
ˈmɛrələnd
language of work or name
area
12,327 square mile
point in time
December 31, 1930
32,133 square kilometre
12,407 square mile
official website
language of work or name
retrieved
May 18, 2017
external data available at
language of work or name
retrieved
September 15, 2018
language of work or name
retrieved
September 15, 2018
language of work or name
retrieved
September 15, 2018
language of work or name
retrieved
September 15, 2018
language of work or name
retrieved
September 15, 2018
language of work or name
retrieved
September 15, 2018
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
start time
1969
seal image
media
local dialing code
667
start time
March 24, 2012
443
start time
July 1, 1997
240
start time
June 1, 1997
410
start time
October 6, 1991
301
start time
1947
Dewey Decimal Classification
975.2
preferred
2--752
deprecated
Commons category
Maryland
Commons maps category
Maps of Maryland
coordinates of geographic center
latitude39.055
longitude-76.791
precision0
directions
12.6 mi (20.3 km) northwest of Davidsonville (english)
coordinates of northernmost point
latitude39.723
longitude-78.726
precision0
coordinates of southernmost point
latitude37.912
longitude-75.884
precision0
lowest point
Atlantic Ocean
elevation above sea level
0 foot
maximum temperature record
109 degree Fahrenheit
point in time
July 10, 1936
minimum temperature record
-40 degree Fahrenheit
point in time
January 13, 1912
page banner
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
3/7/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Maryland (US: /ˈmɛrələnd/ (listen) MERR-ə-lənd) is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the eastern United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. The state's largest city is Baltimore, and its capital is Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State. It is named after the English queen Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary, who was the wife of King Charles I. Sixteen of Maryland's twenty-three counties, as well as the city of Baltimore, border the tidal waters of the Chesapeake Bay estuary and its many tributaries, which combined total more than 4,000 miles of shoreline. Although one of the smallest states in the U.S., it features a variety of climates and topographical features that have earned it the moniker of America in Miniature. In a similar vein, Maryland's geography, culture, and history combine elements of the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, and South Atlantic regions of the country. Before its coastline was explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Maryland was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, mostly by the Algonquin, and to a lesser degree by the Iroquois and Sioux. As one of the original Thirteen Colonies of Great Britain, Maryland was founded by George Calvert, a Catholic convert who sought to provide a religious haven for Catholics persecuted in England. In 1632, Charles I of England granted Calvert a colonial charter, naming the colony after his wife, Queen Mary (Henrietta Maria of France). Unlike the Pilgrims and Puritans, who rejected Catholicism in their settlements, Calvert envisioned a colony where people of different religious sects would coexist under the principle of toleration. Accordingly, in 1649 the Maryland General Assembly passed an Act Concerning Religion, which enshrined this principle by penalizing anyone who "reproached" a fellow Marylander based on religious affiliation. Nevertheless, religious strife was common in the early years, and Catholics remained a minority, albeit in greater numbers than in any other English colony. Maryland's early settlements and population centers clustered around rivers and other waterways that empty into the Chesapeake Bay. Its economy was heavily plantation-based, centered mostly on the cultivation of tobacco. The need for cheap labor led to a rapid expansion of indentured servants, penal labor, and African slaves. In 1760, Maryland's current boundaries took form following the settlement of a long-running border dispute with Pennsylvania. Maryland was an active participant in the events leading up to the American Revolution, and by 1776 its delegates signed the Declaration of Independence. Many of its citizens subsequently played key political and military roles in the war. In 1790, the state ceded land for the establishment of the U.S. capital of Washington, D.C. Although then a slave state, Maryland remained in the Union during the American Civil War, its strategic location giving it a significant role in the conflict. After the war, Maryland took part in the Industrial Revolution, driven by its seaports, railroad networks, and mass immigration from Europe. Since the Second World War, the state's population has grown rapidly, to approximately six million residents, and it is among the most densely populated U.S. states. As of 2015[update], Maryland had the highest median household income of any state, owing in large part to its close proximity to Washington, D.C. and a highly diversified economy spanning manufacturing, services, higher education, and biotechnology. The state's central role in U.S. history is reflected by its hosting of some of the highest numbers of historic landmarks per capita.
Wikipedia redirect
MarylanD
Maryland, USA
State of Maryland
Maryland, United States
Old Line State
Maryland (state)
Maralind
Mariland
The Old Line State
Politics of Maryland
Demographics of Maryland
Geography of Maryland
Maryland (U.S. state)
US-MD
MD, USA
Education in Maryland
Climate of Maryland
Economy of Maryland
Transportation in Maryland
Religion in Maryland
Transport in Maryland
Maryland gross state product
Mary Land
Agriculture in Maryland
Geology of Maryland
Fauna of Maryland
Wikipedia URL
Wikivoyage URL
archINFORM location ID