Texas

State of the United States of America
trends
MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober0500
inception
December 29, 1845
alias
TX
Lone Star State
Texas, United States
State of Texas
native label
State of Texas (english)
nickname
The Lone Star State (english)
short name
TX (english)
start time
1963
🏴󠁵󠁳󠁴󠁸󠁿 (english)
demonym
Texan (english)
Texian (english)
Tejano (english)
Texican (english)
Teksasano (esperanto)
official language
No Value
motto text
Friendship (english)
start time
1930
located in the administrative territorial entity
coordinate location
latitude31
longitude-100
precision1
population
1920194019601980200010M20M
27,469,114
point in time
2015
determination method
preferred
25,145,561
point in time
April 1, 2010
determination method
20,851,820
point in time
2000
determination method
16,986,510
point in time
1990
determination method
14,229,191
point in time
1980
determination method
11,196,730
point in time
1970
determination method
9,579,677
point in time
1960
determination method
7,711,194
point in time
1950
determination method
6,414,824
point in time
1940
determination method
5,824,715
point in time
1930
determination method
4,663,228
point in time
1920
determination method
3,896,542
point in time
1910
determination method
contains administrative territorial entity
water as percent of area
elevation above sea level
520 metre
pronunciation audio
area
696,241 square kilometre
official website
language of work or name
locator map image
detail map
flag image
coat of arms image
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--764
Commons category
Texas
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Texas
Wikimedia Commons URL
coordinates of easternmost point
latitude31.031
longitude-93.508
precision0
coordinates of geographic center
latitude31.476
longitude-99.331
precision0
directions
23.6 mi (38.0 km) north of Brady (english)
coordinates of northernmost point
latitude36.5
longitude-103.002
precision0
coordinates of southernmost point
latitude25.837
longitude-97.394
precision0
coordinates of westernmost point
latitude31.896
longitude-106.646
precision0
maximum temperature record
120 degree Fahrenheit
point in time
June 28, 1994
minimum temperature record
-23 degree Fahrenheit
point in time
February 8, 1933
page banner
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
10/11/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Texas (/ˈtɛksəs/, locally /ˈtɛksɪz/; Spanish: Texas or Tejas, pronounced [ˈtexas] (listen)) is the second largest state in the United States by area (after Alaska) and population (after California). Located in the South Central region, Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed the "Lone Star State" for its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texas state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha, which means "friends" in the Caddo language. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend. The term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim and control the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state. The state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846. A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U.S. in early 1861, and officially joined the Confederate States of America on March 2 of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. Before and after the U.S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the later 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including tourism, agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in state export revenue since 2002 and has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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Texas, United States
The Lone Star State
State of Texas
Texas (U.S. State)
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US-TX
Texas (U.S. state)
28th State
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Texas (State)
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