English

West Germanic language originating in England with linguistic roots in French, German and Vulgar Latin
trends
FebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJuly0500
alias
English language
en
eng
native label
English (english)
short name
английский (russian)
англійська (ukrainian)
инглизсә (bashkir)
англійская (belarusian)
ingiliscə (azerbaijani)
инглисӣ (tajik)
англисӣ (tajik)
country
coordinate location
latitude52
longitude0
precision0
spoken text audio
language of work or name
language regulatory body
No Value
number of speakers
2012201420162018340M360M
379,007,140
point in time
2019
applies to part
preferred
753,359,540
point in time
2019
applies to part
preferred
1,132,366,680
point in time
2019
339,370,920
point in time
2011
applies to part
603,163,010
point in time
2011
applies to part
Wikimedia language code
en
pronunciation audio
language of work or name
distribution map
label in sign language
language of work or name
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
420
Linguasphere code
52-ABA
exact match
Commons category
English language
OSM tag or key
Key:language:en
Stack Exchange site
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
11/14/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca. It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England. Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula in the Baltic Sea. The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent by Latin and French. English has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. The earliest forms of English, a group of West Germanic (Ingvaeonic) dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are collectively called Old English. Middle English began in the late 11th century with the Norman conquest of England; this was a period in which the language was influenced by French. Early Modern English began in the late 15th century with the introduction of the printing press to London, the printing of the King James Bible and the start of the Great Vowel Shift. Modern English has been spreading around the world since the 17th century by the worldwide influence of the British Empire and the United States. Through all types of printed and electronic media of these countries, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions and professional contexts such as science, navigation and law. English is the largest language by number of speakers, and the third most-spoken native language in the world, after Standard Chinese and Spanish. It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states. There are more people who have learned it as a second language than there are native speakers. It is estimated that there are over 2 billion speakers of English. English is the majority native language in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Republic of Ireland, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia. It is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organisations. It is the most widely spoken Germanic language, accounting for at least 70% of speakers of this Indo-European branch. English has a vast vocabulary, though counting how many words any language has is impossible. English speakers are called "Anglophones". Modern English grammar is the result of a gradual change from a typical Indo-European dependent marking pattern, with a rich inflectional morphology and relatively free word order, to a mostly analytic pattern with little inflection, a fairly fixed subject–verb–object word order and a complex syntax. Modern English relies more on auxiliary verbs and word order for the expression of complex tenses, aspect and mood, as well as passive constructions, interrogatives and some negation. The variation among the accents and dialects of English used in different countries and regions—in terms of phonetics and phonology, and sometimes also vocabulary, grammar, and spelling—can often be understood by speakers of different dialects, but in extreme cases can lead to confusion or even mutual unintelligibility between English speakers.
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English (language)
English Language
English-language
English the Global Language
The English language
English speaking
Number of words in the English language
Number of words in English
English Language Word Count
Number of Words in the English Language
Number of Words in English
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Spoken English
The English Language
ISO 639:eng
ISO 639:en
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Geographic distribution of English
Geographical distribution of english
Geographical distribution of English
Englishlanguage
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Englische Sprache
Saozneg
Anglesc
Vernacular English
English Vernacular
Ænglish
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikiversity URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
1201
12
ASC Leiden Thesaurus ID
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
Basisklassifikation
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Encyclopædia Universalis ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Getty AAT ID
Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online ID
Glottolog code
GND ID
GOST 7.75–97 code
анг 045
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
HDS ID
IAB code
1068
IETF language tag
en
ISBN identifier group
978-0
978-1
ISO 639-1 code
en
ISO 639-2 code
ISO 639-3 code
Klexikon article ID
Library of Congress authority ID
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
National Library of Israel identifier
NE.se ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PACTOLS thesaurus ID
PSH ID
Quora topic ID
SUDOC authorities ID
UK Parliament thesaurus ID
UNESCO Thesaurus ID
WALS lect code
Wolfram Language entity code
Zhihu topic ID