Palermo

Italian city, capital of Sicily
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alias
Palermo, Italy
official name
Panormus (latin)
παν-όρμος (ancient greek)
coordinate location
latitude38.116
longitude13.361
precision0
population
201620172018670k672k674k
674,435
point in time
January 1, 2016
preferred
668,405
point in time
January 1, 2018
determination method
673,735
point in time
January 1, 2017
determination method
elevation above sea level
14 ± 1 metre
area
160.59 square kilometre
point in time
October 9, 2011
158.9 square kilometre
postal code
90100
90121–90151
official website
locator map image
detail map
flag image
coat of arms image
collage image
media
local dialing code
091
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--458231
licence plate code
PA
Commons category
Palermo
Commons gallery
Wikimedia Commons URL
coordinates of easternmost point
latitude38.093
longitude13.452
precision0
coordinates of northernmost point
latitude38.225
longitude13.316
precision0
coordinates of southernmost point
latitude38.05
longitude13.323
precision0
coordinates of westernmost point
latitude38.1
longitude13.242
precision0
located in or next to body of water
page banner
twinned administrative body
Wikipedia creation date
2/12/2002
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Palermo (/pəˈlɛərmoʊ, -ˈlɜːr-/ pə-LAIR-moh, -⁠LUR-, Italian: [paˈlɛrmo] (listen); Sicilian: Palermu, locally [paˈlɛmmʊ]; Latin: Panormus, from Greek: Πάνορμος, romanized: Pánormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo. The city is noted for its history, culture, architecture and gastronomy, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old. Palermo is located in the northwest of the island of Sicily, right by the Gulf of Palermo in the Tyrrhenian Sea. The city was founded in 734 BC by the Phoenicians as Ziz. Palermo then became a possession of Carthage. Two Greek colonies were established, known collectively as Panormos or "All-Port"; the Carthaginians used this name on their coins after the 5th century BC. As Panormus, the town became part of the Roman Republic and Empire for over a thousand years. From 831 to 1072 the city was under Arab rule during the Emirate of Sicily when the city first became a capital. The Arabs shifted the Greek name into Balarm (Arabic: بَلَرْم‎), the root for Palermo's present-day name. Following the Norman reconquest, Palermo became the capital of a new kingdom (from 1130 to 1816), the Kingdom of Sicily and the capital of the Holy Roman Empire under Emperor Frederick II and King Conrad IV. The population of Palermo urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 855,285, while its metropolitan area is the fifth most populated in Italy with around 1.2 million people. In the central area, the city has a population of around 676,000 people. The inhabitants are known as Palermitani or, poetically, panormiti. The languages spoken by its inhabitants are the Italian language and the Palermitano dialect of the Sicilian language. Palermo is Sicily's cultural, economic and tourism capital. It is a city rich in history, culture, art, music and food. Numerous tourists are attracted to the city for its good Mediterranean weather, its renowned gastronomy and restaurants, its Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque and Art Nouveau churches, palaces and buildings, and its nightlife and music. Palermo is the main Sicilian industrial and commercial center: the main industrial sectors include tourism, services, commerce and agriculture. Palermo currently has an international airport, and a significant underground economy.[citation needed] In fact, for cultural, artistic and economic reasons, Palermo was one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean and is now among the top tourist destinations in both Italy and Europe. It is the main seat of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale. The city is also going through careful redevelopment, preparing to become one of the major cities of the Euro-Mediterranean area. Roman Catholicism is highly important in Palermitan culture. The Patron Saint of Palermo is Santa Rosalia whose Feast Day is celebrated on 15 July. The area attracts significant numbers of tourists each year and is widely known for its colourful fruit, vegetable and fish markets at the heart of Palermo, known as Vucciria, Ballarò and Capo.
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Palermo, Italy
Palermo, Sicily
UN/LOCODE:ITPMO
Little Tondo
Palerme
Capital of Sicily
Geography of Palermo
Topography of Palermo
Rivers in Palermo
Rivers of Palermo
Districts of Palermo
Districts in Palermo
Climate of Palermo
Climate in Palermo
Landmarks of Palermo
Landmarks in Palermo
Churches of Palermo
Demographics of Palermo
Economy of Palermo
Education in Palermo
Sports in Palermo
Infrastructure of Palermo
Infrastructure in Palermo
Public transport of Palermo
Transport of Palermo
Transport in Palermo
Transportation in Palermo
Transportation of Palermo
Public transport in Palermo
Roads of Palermo
Roads in Palermo
Airports of Palermo
Airports in Palermo
International relations of Palermo
Palermitan
Culture of Palermo
List of honorary citizens of Palermo
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ISTAT ID
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Italian cadastre code
G273
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