New South Wales

State of Australia
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JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember0500
inception
1788
alias
NSW
official name
New South Wales (english)
native label
New South Wales (english)
coordinate location
latitude-32
longitude147
precision1
age of consent
population
2014201520167.49M7.50M
7,480,228
point in time
2016
determination method
preferred
7,500,600
point in time
2014
contains administrative territorial entity
elevation above sea level
160 metre
area
801,150 square kilometre
official website
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Commons category
New South Wales
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of New South Wales
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Wikipedia creation date
10/1/2001
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Wikipedia opening text
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Coral and Tasman Seas to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2019[update], the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen. The Colony of New South Wales was founded as a British penal colony in 1788. It originally comprised more than half of the Australian mainland with its western boundary set at 129th meridian east in 1825. The colony then also included the island territories of New Zealand, Van Diemen's Land, Lord Howe Island, and Norfolk Island. During the 19th century, most of the colony's area was detached to form separate British colonies that eventually became New Zealand and the various states and territories of Australia. However, the Swan River Colony has never been administered as part of New South Wales. Lord Howe Island remains part of New South Wales, while Norfolk Island has become a federal territory, as have the areas now known as the Australian Capital Territory and the Jervis Bay Territory.
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New South Wales (Australia)
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New south wales
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NSW, Australia
State of New South Wales
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