Marie Curie

Polish-French physicist and chemist
sex or gender
name in native language
Marie Curie (french)
Maria Skłodowska-Curie (polish)
birth name
Marya Salomea Skłodowska (polish)
Maria Salomea Skłodowska
M. Curie
Maria Skłodowska-Curie
Marie Curie-Sklodowska
Maria Skłodowska
date of birth
November 7, 1867
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date of death
July 4, 1934
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ˈmarja salɔˈmɛa skwɔˈdɔfska
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Marie Skłodowska Curie (/ˈkjʊəri/ KEWR-ee, French: [kyʁi], Polish: [kʲiˈri]), born Maria Salomea Skłodowska (Polish: [ˈmarja salɔˈmɛa skwɔˈdɔfska]; 7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934), was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, is the first person and the only woman to win the Nobel prize twice, and is the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two different scientific fields. She was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris. She was born in Warsaw, in what was then the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. She studied at Warsaw's clandestine Flying University and began her practical scientific training in Warsaw. In 1891, aged 24, she followed her older sister Bronisława to study in Paris, where she earned her higher degrees and conducted her subsequent scientific work. She shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and physicist Henri Becquerel. She won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Her achievements included the development of the theory of radioactivity (a term she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world's first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms using radioactive isotopes. She founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and in Warsaw, which remain major centres of medical research today. During World War I she developed mobile radiography units to provide X-ray services to field hospitals. While a French citizen, Marie Skłodowska Curie, who used both surnames, never lost her sense of Polish identity. She taught her daughters the Polish language and took them on visits to Poland. She named the first chemical element she discovered polonium, after her native country. Marie Curie died in 1934, aged 66, at a sanatorium in Sancellemoz (Haute-Savoie), France, of aplastic anemia from exposure to radiation in the course of her scientific research and in the course of her radiological work at field hospitals during World War I.
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Marie Sklodowska-Curie
Madam Curie
Marie Sklodowska Curie
Marja Curie
Curie, Marie
Maria Curie
Madame Curie
Maria Sklodowska-Curie
Maria Skłodowska-Curie
Maria Skłodowska
Maria Curie-Skłodowska
Maria Sklodowska
Marie Sklodowska
Marie Curie-Skłodowska
Marie Curie's birthplace
Marie Curie-Sklodowska
Maria Curie-Sklodowska
Maria Skłodowska Curie
Marie Skłodowska Curie
Mary curie
Marie Skłodowska–Curie
Marie Sklodowska–Curie
Marie Skłodowska-Curie
Maria Sklodowska Curie
Marie curie
Maria Skłodowska–Curie
Maria Salomea Skłodowska
Marie Skoldowska Curie
Curie, Marie Sklodowska
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