Joan of Arc

French folk heroine and Roman Catholic saint
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name in native language
Jeanne d'Arc (french)
alias
The Maid of Orléans
Jeanne d'Arc
of Arc, Saint Joan
La Pucelle d'Orléans
Saint Joan of Arc
Jeanne d’ Arc
Sainte Jeanne d’Arc
Jeanne d’Arc
The Maid of Orleans
Jehanne d'Arc
date of birth
1412
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preferred
January 6, 1412
date of death
May 30, 1431
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Jeanne d'Arc
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1/1/2002
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Wikipedia opening text
Joan of Arc (French: Jeanne d'Arc pronounced [ʒan daʁk]; c. 1412 – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (French: La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War, and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint. She was born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée, a peasant family, at Domrémy in northeast France. Joan claimed to have received visions of the archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The unanointed King Charles VII sent Joan to the Siege of Orléans as part of a relief army. She gained prominence after the siege was lifted only nine days later. Several additional swift victories led to Charles VII's consecration at Reims. This long-awaited event boosted French morale and paved the way for the final French victory. On 23 May 1430, she was captured at Compiègne by the Burgundian faction, a group of French nobles allied with the English. She was later handed over to the English and put on trial by the pro-English bishop Pierre Cauchon on a variety of charges. After Cauchon declared her guilty, she was burned at the stake on 30 May 1431, dying at about nineteen years of age. In 1456, an inquisitorial court authorized by Pope Callixtus III examined the trial, debunked the charges against her, pronounced her innocent, and declared her a martyr. In the 16th century she became a symbol of the Catholic League, and in 1803 she was declared a national symbol of France by the decision of Napoleon Bonaparte. She was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920. Joan of Arc is one of the nine secondary patron saints of France, along with Saint Denis, Saint Martin of Tours, Saint Louis, Saint Michael, Saint Rémi, Saint Petronilla, Saint Radegund and Saint Thérèse of Lisieux. Joan of Arc has remained a popular figure in literature, painting, sculpture, and other cultural works since the time of her death, and many famous writers, playwrights, filmmakers, artists, and composers have created, and continue to create, cultural depictions of her.
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Jeanne of Arc
Jeanne d'Arc
Jehanne la Pucelle
Jeanne D'Arc
Joan of arc
Joan d'arc
Jeanne D'arc
Pucelle d'Orléans
Jean d'Arc
Joan of Ark
Jeanne d’Arc
Geoffroy Therage
Joan of Arc, Saint
St. Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc bibliography
Timeline of Joan of Arc
Joan Of Arc
Saint Joan of Arc
Johanne of Arc
Jean D'arc
Jean Dark
Jeanne Dark
Jean d'Ark
Jean D'Ark
Jehanne
Jehanne d'Arc
Joan of Arc, timeline
Joan arc
Jean of Arc
Jean of arc
John of arc
Joan d' Arc
Joan de Arc
Pucelle d'Orleans
Joan Arc
Joan d'Arc
La Pucelle (saint)
Jeanne de Arc
Johanna d'Arc
Johanna of Arc
Jeanne de arc
Maid of France
Saint Jeanne d'Arc
Jeanne d' Arc
St. Jehanne d'Arc La Pucelle
St. Jehanne
St Jehanne
St. Jehanne la Pucelle
St Jehanne la Pucelle
Sainte Jehanne d'Arc La Pucelle
Sainte Jehanne
Sainte Jehanne la Pucelle
Jeanne darc
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Jehanne Darc
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Ste Jeanne d'Arc
Sainte Jeanne d'Arc
St Joan of Arc
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