1936 Summer Olympics

Games of the XI Olympiad, celebrated in Berlin in 1936
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alias
Berlin 1936
Games of the XI Olympiad
The Games of the XI Olympiad
coordinate location
latitude52.515
longitude13.239
precision0
edition number
11
point in time
1936
start time
August 1, 1936
end time
August 16, 1936
number of participants
49
3,963
official website
media
described at URL
has part
has parts of the class
Olympic Sporting Event
quantity
129
Commons category
1936 Summer Olympics
Wikipedia creation date
2/18/2002
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Wikipedia opening text
The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany. Berlin won the bid to host the Games over Barcelona, Spain, on 26 April 1931, at the 29th IOC Session in Barcelona. It marked the second and final time the International Olympic Committee gathered to vote in a city that was bidding to host those Games. To outdo the Los Angeles games of 1932, Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler had a new 100,000-seat track and field stadium built, as well as six gymnasiums and many other smaller arenas. The games were the first to be televised, and radio broadcasts reached 41 countries. Filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl was commissioned by the German Olympic Committee to film the Games for $7 million. Her film, titled Olympia, pioneered many of the techniques now common in the filming of sports. Hitler saw the Games as an opportunity to promote his government and ideals of racial supremacy and antisemitism, and the official Nazi party paper, the Völkischer Beobachter, wrote in the strongest terms that Jews should not be allowed to participate in the Games. German Jewish athletes were barred or prevented from taking part by a variety of methods, although some women swimmers from the Jewish sports club, Hakoah Vienna, did take part. Jewish athletes from other countries seem to have been side-lined in order not to offend the Nazi regime. Total ticket revenues were 7.5 million Reichsmark, generating a profit of over one million ℛℳ. The official budget did not include outlays by the city of Berlin (which issued an itemized report detailing its costs of 16.5 million ℛℳ) or outlays of the German national government (which did not make its costs public, but is estimated to have spent US$30 million). Jesse Owens won four gold medals in the sprint and long jump events and became the most successful athlete to compete in Berlin while Germany was the most successful country overall with 89 medals total, with the United States coming in second with 56 medals. These were the final Olympics under the presidency of Henri de Baillet-Latour and the final Olympic Games for 12 years due to the disruption of the Second World War. The next Olympic Games were held in 1948 (the Winter in Switzerland and then the Summer in London).
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1936 Berlin Games
Games of the XI Olympiad
1936 Summer Olympic Games
Berlin Olympics
The 1936 Summer Olympics
1936 Berlin Olympics
Berlin Olympic Games
OG of Berlin
Olympic Games in Berlin
Berlin Olympic Games of 1936
Berlin games
Berlin 1936
Venues of the 1936 Summer Olympics
Bids for the 1936 Summer Olympics
1936 Berlin Summer Olympics
Nazi Olympics
Olympische Sommerspiele 1936
1936 Berlin
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