Drosophila Melanogaster

Species of fly
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alias
vinegar fly
D. melanogaster
fruit fly
taxon name
Drosophila melanogaster
year of taxon name publication
1830
taxon common name
mosca de la fruta (spanish)
mosca del vinagre (spanish)
vinegar fly (english)
fruit fly (english)
mouche du vinaigre (french)
Schwarzbäuchige Fruchtfliege (german)
Schwarzbäuchige Taufliege (german)
banaanikärpänen (finnish)
highest observed lifespan
0.3 year
media
Commons category
Drosophila melanogaster
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Wikipedia creation date
1/23/2003
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Wikipedia opening text
Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae. The species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar fly. Starting with Charles W. Woodworth's proposal of the use of this species as a model organism, D. melanogaster continues to be widely used for biological research in genetics, physiology, microbial pathogenesis, and life history evolution. As of 2017, eight Nobel prizes had been awarded for research using Drosophila. D. melanogaster is typically used in research because it can be readily reared in the laboratory, has only four pairs of chromosomes, breeds quickly, and lays many eggs. Its geographic range includes all continents, including islands. D. melanogaster is a common pest in homes, restaurants, and other places where food is served. Flies belonging to the family Tephritidae are also called "fruit flies". This can cause confusion, especially in the Mediterranean, Australia, and South Africa, where the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata is an economic pest.
Wikipedia redirect
Drosophila melanogster
D. melanogaster
Drosophila melanogaste
Common fruit fly
Drosophila Melanogaster
Sophophora melanogaster
Drosophilla Melanogaster
D. Melanogaster
Vinegar fly
Sex-lethal Gene
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named as
Drosophila melanogaster
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