Karachi

Capital of the Sindh Province, Pakistan
trends
JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovember0500
inception
1729
alias
Heart of Pakistan
The Lighting City
official name
کراچی (urdu)
native label
کَراچی (urdu)
transliteration
Karācī
Karachi (english)
ڪراچي (sindhi)
demonym
Karachiite (english)
Karaĉiano (esperanto)
coordinate location
latitude24.86
longitude67.01
precision0
population
2016AprilJulyOctober201715M20M
14,910,352
point in time
2017
preferred
23,545,000
point in time
2016
applies to part
elevation above sea level
8 ± 1 metre
area
3,527,000,000 square metre
postal code
74000–75900
official website
coat of arms image
collage image
media
local dialing code
021
licence plate code
KA
KC
Commons category
Karachi
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Karachi
Wikimedia Commons URL
page banner
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
11/2/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Karachi (Urdu: کراچی‎; ALA-LC: Karācī, IPA: [kəˈraːtʃi] (listen)) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh. It is the most populous city in Pakistan, and fifth-most-populous city proper in the world. Ranked as a beta-global city, the city is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. It is the cultural, economic, philanthropic, educational, and political hub of the country, and Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city. Situated on the Arabian Sea, Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, as well as Pakistan's busiest airport, Jinnah International Airport. Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia, the city was founded as the fortified village of Kolachi in 1729. The settlement drastically increased in importance with the arrival of British East India Company in the mid 19th century, who not only embarked on major works to transform the city into a major seaport, but also connected it with their extensive railway network. By the time of the Partition of British India, the city was the largest in Sindh with an estimated population of 400,000. Following the independence of Pakistan, the city's population increased dramatically with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslim refugees from India. The city experienced rapid economic growth following independence, attracting migrants from throughout Pakistan and South Asia. Karachi is one of Pakistan's most secular and socially liberal cities. It is also the most linguistically, ethnically, and religiously diverse city in Pakistan. Karachi's population was enumerated at 14.9 million in the 2017 census. Karachi is one of the world's fastest growing cities, and has communities representing almost every ethnic group in Pakistan. Karachi is home to over 2 million Bangladeshi immigrants, 1 million Afghan refugees, and up to 400,000 Rohingyas from Myanmar. Karachi is now Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. The city has a formal economy estimated to be worth $113 billion as of 2014[update] which is the largest in Pakistan. Karachi collects over a third of Pakistan's tax revenue, and generates approximately 20% of Pakistan's GDP. Approximately 30% of Pakistani industrial output is from Karachi, while Karachi's ports handle approximately 95% of Pakistan's foreign trade. Approximately 90% of the multinational corporations operating in Pakistan are headquartered in Karachi. Karachi is considered to be Pakistan's fashion capital, and has hosted the annual Karachi Fashion Week since 2009. Known as the "City of Lights" in the 1960s and 1970s for its vibrant nightlife, Karachi was beset by sharp ethnic, sectarian, and political conflict in the 1980s with the arrival of weaponry during the Soviet–Afghan War. The city had become well known for its high rates of violent crime, but recorded crimes sharply decreased following a controversial crackdown operation against criminals, the MQM political party, and Islamist militants initiated in 2013 by the Pakistan Rangers. As a result of the operation, Karachi went from being ranked the world's 6th most dangerous city for crime in 2014, to 71 by mid 2019.
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Karachi, Pakistan
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Shopping in Karachi
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Gutter Baghicha
Uthal Industrial Estate
Gadani Industrial Estate
Iqbal Shaheed Road
Baba-e-Urdu Road
Allahwala Town
Abdul Sattar Pirzada
Architecture in Karachi
Architecture of Karachi
Tourism in Karachi
Garden Road (Karachi)
Waheed Murad Road
Victoria Road, Karachi
Shahrah-e-Liaquat
Memon Nagar
Asifabad, Karachi
Jinnahabad
Wilayatabad
Keamari Groyne
Moti Masjid (Karachi)
Sherpao Colony
Landhi Industrial Area
Anklesaria Hospital
Sultan Mohamed Shah Aga Khan School, Karachi
Bay View Academy
Abdullah Haroon Road
List of cinemas in Karachi
Kathiawar Muslim Habsh Jamaat
Azad Colony
Qafila Serai
DHA Model High School
Platinum Colony
PAF Colony
Katha Theatre
Afghan Basti
Kochi Camp
Lalazar (Naran)
Humera Alwani
Boulton Market
Government College of Technology, Karachi
Karachi Polytechnic Institute
Chinna Creek
Muhammad Hussain Panhwar
Shahrah-e-Altaf Hussain
Lalazar (Karachi)
Gulistan-e-Bahar
Gulistan-e-Hadeed
Syedna Burhanuddin Road
Dara Murad Jamali Industrial Estate
Dr. Daud Pota Road
Windher Industrial and Trading Estate
Mansfield Street, Karachi
Nisar Shaheed Park
Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Park
Boat Basin Food Street
Nathia Gali Beach
Nathiagali Beach
Auranga Bandar
Kurruck
Rambagh, Karachi
Nawa Nar
Karak Bander
Bund Murad
بند مراد
Jodia Bazar
Karanchi
City of the Quaid
City of Quaid
Karachi, Sind, Pakistan
Karachite
Carachi
Karachee
Kurachee
Mainland Karachi
Social issues in Karachi
ڪراچي
Kirachi
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