Czech

West Slavic language spoken in the Czech Republic
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alias
Czech language
cs
native label
čeština (czech)
Český jazyk (czech)
Čeština (czech)
short name
чешский (russian)
чеська (ukrainian)
чэшская (belarusian)
чехӣ (tajik)
coordinate location
latitude50
longitude15
precision0
number of speakers
11,500,000
Wikimedia language code
cs
distribution map
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
491.86
Universal Decimal Classification
811.162.3
exact match
Commons category
Czech language
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Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
9/14/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Czech (/tʃɛk/; čeština Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛʃcɪna]), historically also Bohemian (/boʊˈhiːmiən, bə-/; lingua Bohemica in Latin) is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group. Spoken by over 10 million people, it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic. Czech is closely related to Slovak, to the point of mutual intelligibility to a very high degree, as well as Polish. Like other Slavic languages, Czech is a fusional language with a rich system of morphology and relatively flexible word order. Its vocabulary has been extensively influenced by Latin and German. The Czech–Slovak group developed within West Slavic in the high medieval period, and the standardization of Czech and Slovak within the Czech–Slovak dialect continuum emerged in the early modern period. In the later 18th to mid-19th century, the modern written standard became codified in the context of the Czech National Revival. The main non-standard variety, known as Common Czech, is based on the vernacular of Prague, but is now spoken as an interdialect throughout most of the Czech Republic. The Moravian dialects spoken in the eastern part of the country are also classified as Czech, although some of their eastern variants are closer to Slovak. Czech has a moderately-sized phoneme inventory, comprising ten monophthongs, three diphthongs and 25 consonants (divided into "hard", "neutral" and "soft" categories). Words may contain complicated consonant clusters or lack vowels altogether. Czech has a raised alveolar trill, which is known to occur as a phoneme in only a few other languages, represented by the grapheme ř. Czech uses a simple orthography which phonologists have used as a model.
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Czech (language)
Czech Language
Čeština
Česky
Český
ISO 639:ces
Cesky
Czekh language
Common Czech
Bohemian language
Český jazyk
ISO 639:cs
Czech grammar
Lang-cs
Czechian language
Wikipedia URL
Wikiversity URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
3601
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
Biblioteca Nacional de España ID
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Getty AAT ID
Glottolog code
GND ID
GOST 7.75–97 code
чеш 790
Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana ID
IAB code
1058
IETF language tag
cs
ISO 639-1 code
cs
ISO 639-2 code
applies to part
applies to part
ISO 639-3 code
Library of Congress authority ID
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PSH ID
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