Greek

Language spoken in Greece, Cyprus and Southern Albania
trends
AugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember20210500
alias
Greek language
native label
ελληνική (greek)
ελληνικά‎ (Elliniká) (greek)
νέα ελληνικά‎ (Néa Ellīniká) (greek)
short name
греческий (russian)
грецька (ukrainian)
yunanca (azerbaijani)
юнонӣ (tajik)
country
coordinate location
latitude34.75
longitude33
precision0
latitude39
longitude22
precision0
number of speakers
13,156,880
point in time
2018
preferred
13,000,000
Wikimedia language code
el
pronunciation audio
language of work or name
language of work or name
distribution map
media
Commons category
Greek language
page banner
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
10/21/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká) is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning at least 3,500 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems. The Greek language holds an important place in the history of the Western world and Christianity; the canon of ancient Greek literature includes works in the Western canon such as the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey. Greek is also the language in which many of the foundational texts in science, especially astronomy, mathematics and logic and Western philosophy, such as the Platonic dialogues and the works of Aristotle, are composed; the New Testament of the Christian Bible was written in Koiné Greek. Together with the Latin texts and traditions of the Roman world, the study of the Greek texts and society of antiquity constitutes the discipline of Classics. During antiquity, Greek was a widely spoken lingua franca in the Mediterranean world, West Asia and many places beyond. It would eventually become the official parlance of the Byzantine Empire and develop into Medieval Greek. In its modern form, Greek is the official language in two countries, Greece and Cyprus, a recognised minority language in seven other countries, and is one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. The language is spoken by at least 13.2 million people today in Greece, Cyprus, Italy, Albania, and Turkey and by the Greek diaspora. Greek roots are often used to coin new words for other languages; Greek and Latin are the predominant sources of international scientific vocabulary.
Wikipedia redirect
Greek etymology
Greek (language)
Greeklanguage
Grecophone
Elenika
Greek Language
Greece language
Grecized
Ελληνικά
Ellinika
Greek-language
Hellenic language
Ehhnvika
Latin Greek
Ellenika
Ellnvika
Greek tattos
Elliniki glossa
Elliniki Glossa
Greek, Modern language
Grecophonie
Grecosphere
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikiversity URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
2201
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
Basisklassifikation
Biblioteca Nacional de España ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Encyclopædia Universalis ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Getty AAT ID
Glottolog code
GOST 7.75–97 code
гре 157
Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana ID
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
IAB code
1067
IETF language tag
grk
ISO 639-1 code
el
ISO 639-2 code
ISO 639-3 code
preferred
ISO 639-5 code
Klexikon article ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PACTOLS thesaurus ID
PSH ID
Quora topic ID
UNESCO Thesaurus ID
WALS lect code
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