Kingdom of Ireland

Kingdom on the island of Ireland between 1542 and 1801
trends
MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober0500
inception
1542
native label
Ríocht na hÉireann (irish)
Kingdom of Ireland (english)
coordinate location
latitude53.333
longitude-6.25
precision0
area
84,000 square kilometre
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
media
dissolved, abolished or demolished
January 1, 1801
Gregorian calendar start date
September 14, 1752
Wikipedia creation date
1/13/2003
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a client state of England and then of Great Britain that existed from 1542 until 1800. It was ruled by the monarchs of England and then of Great Britain in personal union with their other realms. The kingdom was administered from Dublin Castle nominally by the King or Queen, who appointed a viceroy (the Lord Deputy, later Lord Lieutenant) to rule in their stead. It had its own legislature (the Parliament of Ireland), peerage (the Peerage of Ireland), legal system, and state church (the Protestant Church of Ireland). The territory of the Kingdom had formerly been a lordship ruled by the kings of England, founded in 1177 after the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland. By the 1500s the area of English rule had shrunk greatly, and most of Ireland was held by Gaelic Irish chiefdoms. In 1542, King Henry VIII of England was made King of Ireland. The English began establishing control over the island, which sparked the Desmond Rebellions and the Nine Years’ War. It was completed in the 1600s. The conquest involved confiscating land from the native Irish and colonising it with settlers from Britain. In its early years, the Kingdom had limited recognition, as no Catholic countries in Europe recognised Henry and his heir Edward as monarch of Ireland; although Catholic Queen Mary I was recognised as Queen of Ireland by Pope Paul IV. Catholics, who made up most of the population, were officially discriminated against in the Kingdom,[citation needed] which from the late 17th century was dominated by a Protestant Ascendancy. This discrimination was one of the main drivers behind several conflicts which broke out: the Irish Confederate Wars (1641–53), the Williamite-Jacobite War (1689–91), the Armagh disturbances (1780s–90s) and the Irish Rebellion of 1798. The Parliament of Ireland passed the Acts of Union 1800 by which it abolished itself and the Kingdom. The act was also passed by the Parliament of Great Britain. It established the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on the first day of 1801 by uniting the Crowns of Ireland and of Great Britain.
Wikipedia redirect
List of Irish Kings
List of monarchs of Ireland
Ríocht na hÉireann
Tudor Ireland
Irish Crown
Kingdom of ireland
Ríoghacht Éireann
Ríocht Éireann
Kingdom of Éire
Wikipedia URL
Freebase ID