Bengali

Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Bengali people of South Asia
trends
NovemberDecember2021FebruaryMarchApril0500
alias
Bengali language
Bangla
bn
native label
বাংলা (bangla)
বাংলা‎ (Bangla) (bangla)
coordinate location
latitude24
longitude90
precision0
number of speakers
20112012201320142015200M220M240M
242,659,750
point in time
2015
applies to part
189,261,200 ± 100
point in time
2011
applies to part
19,200,000
point in time
2011
applies to part
determination method
valid in place
19,202,880
point in time
2011
applies to part
106,000,000
point in time
2011
determination method
valid in place
Wikimedia language code
bn
pronunciation audio
distribution map
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
491.44
Linguasphere code
59-AAF-u
Commons category
Bengali language
page banner
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
9/21/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Play media Bengali (/bɛŋˈɡɔːli/), also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা [ˈbaŋla]), is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in South Asia. It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi. With approximately 228 million native speakers and another 37 million as second language speakers, Bengali is the fifth most-spoken native language and the seventh most spoken language by total number of speakers in the world. The official and de facto national language of Bangladesh is Modern Standard Bengali (Literary Bengali). It serves as the lingua franca of the nation, with 98% of Bangladeshis being fluent in Bengali as their first language. Within India, Bengali is the official language of the states of West Bengal, Tripura and the Barak Valley in the state of Assam, and is the most widely spoken language in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal, and is spoken by significant populations in other states including in Arunachal Pradesh, Delhi, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Uttarakhand. Bengali is also spoken by the significant global Bengali diaspora (Bangladeshi diaspora and Indian Bengalis) communities in Pakistan, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Middle East. Bengali has developed over the course of more than 1,300 years. Bengali literature, with its millennium-old literary history, has extensively developed since the Bengali Renaissance and is one of the most prominent and diverse literary traditions in Asia. The Bengali language movement from 1948 to 1956 demanding Bengali to be an official language of Pakistan fostered Bengali nationalism in East Bengal leading to the emergence of Bangladesh in 1971. In 1999, UNESCO recognised 21 February as International Mother Language Day in recognition of the language movement. The Bengali language is the quintessential element of Bengali identity and binds together a culturally diverse region.
Wikipedia redirect
Bengali Language
Bangla language
Bānglā
Bengali (language)
ISO 639:ben
ISO 639:bn
বাংলা
Cholit Bhasa
Cholit Bhasha
Bangla-language
Kishanganjia language
Standard Bengali
Choltibhasha
Bangla Language
Bengali linguistics
Bangal bhasha
Middle Bengali language
Cholito-bhasa
বাংলা ভাষা
Bengali-language
Bangla (language)
History of the Bengali language
Bengal language
Bengali-speaking
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
5201
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
Banglapedia (Bengali version) ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Getty AAT ID
Glottolog code
GND ID
GOST 7.75–97 code
бен 100
Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana ID
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
IAB code
1049
IETF language tag
bn
ISO 639-1 code
bn
ISO 639-2 code
ISO 639-3 code
Klexikon article ID
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
NE.se ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
subreddit
language of work or name
number of subscribers
321
Treccani ID
WALS lect code
Zhihu topic ID
external links