Columbus Day

Holiday in the Americas
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Columbus Day
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Columbus Day is a national holiday in many countries of the Americas and elsewhere which officially celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492 (Julian Calendar; it would have been October 21, 1492 on the Gregorian Proleptic Calendar, which extends the Gregorian Calendar to dates prior to its adoption in 1582). Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who set sail across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a faster route to the Far East only to land at the New World. His first voyage to the New World on the Spanish ships Santa María, Niña, and La Pinta took approximately three months. Columbus and his crew's arrival to the New World initiated the Columbian Exchange which introduced the transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, and technology (but also invasive species, including communicable diseases) between the new world and the old. The landing is celebrated as Columbus Day in the United States but the name varies on the international spectrum. In some Latin American countries, October 12 is known as Día de la Raza or (Day of the Race). This is the case for Mexico, which inspired Jose Vasconcelos's book celebrating the Day of the Iberoamerican Race. Some countries such as Spain refer the holiday as Día de la Hispanidad and Fiesta Nacional de España where it is also the religious festivity of la Virgen del Pilar. Since 2009, Peru has celebrated Día de los pueblos originarios y el diálogo intercultural (Indigenous Peoples and Intercultural Dialogue Day). Belize and Uruguay celebrate it as Día de las Américas (Day of the Americas). Since Argentina's former president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner officially adopted Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural (Day of Respect for Cultural Diversity) November 3, 2010. Giornata Nazionale di Cristoforo Colombo or Festa Nazionale di Cristoforo Colombo is the formal name of Italy's celebration as well as in Little Italys around the world.
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Dia de la Raza
Día de la Resistencia Indígena
Discoverer's Day
Día de la Raza
Día de la Hispanidad
Indigenous Resistance Day
Day of Indigenous Resistance
National Day of Spain
National Holiday of Spain
Day of the Race
Dia de la raza
Colombus day
Columbus Day 2007
Dia de la Hispanidad
Dia de la Resistencia Indigena
Columbus day
Día de las Culturas
Festa Nacional de España or Día da Hispanidade
Día da Hispanidade
Festa Nacional de España
Espainiako Jai Nazionala
Hispanitate Eguna
Espainiako Jai Nazionala or Hispanitate Eguna
Dia de la Hispanitat
Festa Nacional d'Espanya
Fiesta Nacional de España or Día de la Hispanidad
Festa Nacional d'Espanya or Dia de la Hispanitat
Día de las Américas
El Día de la Hispanidad
Hispanic Day
Christopher Columbus day
Day of the Americas
Columbus Day (Honduras)
Fiesta de la Raza Española
Fiesta de la raza española
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