Greeks

People of southeastern Europe
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alias
Greek people
Proto-Greeks
demonym
grec (romanian)
greco (italian)
Greek (english)
grec (french)
Έλληνας (greek)
يونانيون (arabic)
female form of label
Ελληνίδα (greek)
يونانية (arabic)
male form of label
Έλληνας (greek)
يوناني (arabic)
media
Commons category
People of Greece
Wikipedia creation date
2/27/2002
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
The Greeks or Hellenes (/ˈhɛliːnz/; Greek: Έλληνες, Éllines [ˈelines]) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. In recent times, most ethnic Greeks live within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church. Throughout history, Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, visual arts, exploration, theatre, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, medicine, science, technology, commerce, cuisine and sports.
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Hellenes
Hellene
Ethnic Greek
Ethnic Greeks
Grecian
Proto-Greeks
Grecians
Graius
Rhomioi
Modern greeks
Greek identity
Origin of the Greeks
People of Greece
Greek people
Greek (People)
Greek People
Ἕλληνες
Hellenic peoples
Greek nationality
Έλληνες
Hellenic people
Greekness
Greeknes
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