Geneva

Typeface
trends
AugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember20210500
inception
1984
publication date
1983
media
Commons category
Geneva (typeface)
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Wikipedia creation date
8/4/2005
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Wikipedia opening text
Geneva is a realist sans-serif typeface designed by Susan Kare for Apple Computer. It is one of the oldest fonts shipped with Macintosh operating systems. The original version was a bitmap font, but later versions were converted to TrueType when that technology became available on the Macintosh platform. Because this Macintosh font is not commonly available on other platforms, many users find Verdana, Microsoft Sans Serif or Arial to be an acceptable substitute. Geneva was originally a redesigned version of the famous Linotype typeface Helvetica; the TrueType version of the font is somewhat different. Helvetica is named after the Latin name for Switzerland, home country of its original designer Max Miedinger; Geneva is Switzerland's second-largest city. The bitmap version varied by appearance in different sizes; in smaller sizes, the lowercase i, j and l had serifs on the top, the lowercase y was parallel, the centre vertex of the uppercase M was much higher, and the 3 had a flat top. Larger sizes of the font depicted said characters as how they appear in the TrueType version. From Mac OS 8.5 onwards, the bitmap version removed said serifs from the lowercase i, j and l and the lowercase y became angled like in the TrueType version, but the 3 kept the flat top. The bitmap designs are still available on newer versions of the Terminal app. Unusually for neo-grotesque faces, the current version of Geneva includes a basic set of ligatures and the archaic long s and R rotunda as optional alternates. A slightly modified version of Geneva known as Simple can be found in the Apple Newton operating system.
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Geneva (font)
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