Boston

City in and state capital of Massachusetts, United States
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inception
September 7, 1630
alias
Beantown
The Cradle of Liberty
The Hub
The Cradle of Modern America
The Athens of America
The Walking City
The Hub of the Universe
Bostonia
Boston, Massachusetts
Boston, MA
Boston, Mass.
official name
Boston (english)
native label
Boston (english)
nickname
Beantown (english)
The Hub (english)
The Cradle of Liberty (english)
demonym
Bostonian (english)
Bostonnais (french)
Bostoner (german)
Bostonerin (german)
applies to part
Bostonerinnen (german)
applies to part
coordinate location
latitude42.358
longitude-71.063
precision0
population
180019002000500k
617,594
point in time
2010
preferred
589,141
point in time
2000
574,283
point in time
1990
562,994
point in time
1980
641,071
point in time
1970
697,197
point in time
1960
801,444
point in time
1950
770,816
point in time
1940
781,188
point in time
1930
748,060
point in time
1920
670,585
point in time
1910
560,892
point in time
1900
448,477
point in time
1890
362,839
point in time
1880
250,526
point in time
1870
177,840
point in time
1860
136,881
point in time
1850
93,383
point in time
1840
61,392
point in time
1830
43,298
point in time
1820
33,787
point in time
1810
24,937
point in time
1800
18,320
point in time
1790
15,520
point in time
1765
10,567
point in time
1722
elevation above sea level
43 metre
area
232,140,634 square metre
postal code
02150
official website
language of work or name
locator map image
flag image
seal image
collage image
media
local dialing code
617
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--74461
Commons category
Boston
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Boston
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Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
9/6/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Boston (UK: /ˈbɒstən/, US: /ˈbɔːstən/) is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States, and the 21st most populous city in the United States. The city proper covers 49 square miles (127 km2) with an estimated population of 694,583 in 2018, also making it the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth most populous in the United States. Boston is one of the oldest municipalities in the United States, founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from the English town of the same name. It was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston. Upon gaining U.S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education and culture. The city has expanded beyond the original peninsula through land reclamation and municipal annexation. Its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing more than 20 million visitors per year. Boston's many firsts include the United States' first public park (Boston Common, 1634), first public or state school (Boston Latin School, 1635) and first subway system (Tremont Street Subway, 1897). Today, Boston is a thriving center of scientific research as well as port of entry for commerce and international immigration. The Boston area's many colleges and universities make it a world leader in higher education, including law, medicine, engineering, and business, and the city is considered to be a global pioneer in innovation and entrepreneurship, with nearly 5,000 startups. Boston's economic base also includes finance, professional and business services, biotechnology, information technology, and government activities. Households in the city claim the highest average rate of philanthropy in the United States; businesses and institutions rank among the top in the country for environmental sustainability and investment. The city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States as it has undergone gentrification, though it remains high on world livability rankings.
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