French

Romance language
trends
NovemberDecember2021FebruaryMarchApril0500
instance of
Modern Language
alias
French language
fr
native label
français (french)
langue française (french)
short name
французский (russian)
французька (ukrainian)
fransızca (azerbaijani)
country
coordinate location
latitude48
longitude2
precision1
number of speakers
20122013201420152016100M150M200M
208,157,220
point in time
2016
applies to part
preferred
76,795,640
point in time
2016
applies to part
preferred
75,917,870
point in time
2012
applies to part
153,299,770
point in time
2012
applies to part
Wikimedia language code
fr
pronunciation audio
language of work or name
language of work or name
language of work or name
language of work or name
distribution map
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
440
Linguasphere code
51-AAA-i
exact match
Commons category
French language
OSM tag or key
Key:language:fr
page banner
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
10/29/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
French (le français [lə fʁɑ̃sɛ] or la langue française [la lɑ̃ɡ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French. French is an official language in 29 countries across multiple continents, most of which are members of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), the community of 84 countries which share the official use or teaching of French. It is spoken as a first language (in descending order of the number of speakers) in France, the Canadian provinces of Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick as well as other Francophone regions, Belgium (Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital Region), western Switzerland (cantons of Bern, Fribourg, Geneva, Jura, Neuchâtel, Vaud, Valais), Monaco, partly in Luxembourg, the states of Louisiana, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont in the United States, and in northwestern Italy (region of Aosta Valley), and by various communities elsewhere. In 2015, approximately 40% of the francophone population (including L2 and partial speakers) lived in Europe, 35% in sub-Saharan Africa, 15% in North Africa and the Middle East, 8% in the Americas, and 1% in Asia and Oceania. French is the fourth most widely spoken mother tongue in the European Union. Of Europeans who speak other languages natively, approximately one-fifth are able to speak French as a second language. French is the second most taught foreign language in the EU. French is also the 18th most natively spoken language in the world, 6th most spoken language by total number of speakers and the second or third most studied language worldwide (with about 120 million current learners). As a result of French and Belgian colonialism from the 16th century onward, French was introduced to new territories in the Americas, Africa and Asia. Most second-language speakers reside in Francophone Africa, in particular Gabon, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Mauritius, Senegal and Ivory Coast. French is estimated to have about 76 million native speakers and about 235 million daily, fluent speakers and another 77 to 110 million secondary speakers who speak it as a second language to varying degrees of proficiency, mainly in Africa. According to the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), approximately 300 million people worldwide are "able to speak the language", without specifying the criteria for this estimation or whom it encompasses. According to a demographic projection led by the Université Laval and the Réseau Démographie de l'Agence universitaire de la francophonie, the total number of French speakers will reach approximately 500 million in 2025 and 650 million by 2050. OIF estimates 700 million by 2050, 80% of whom will be in Africa. French has a long history as an international language of literature and scientific standards and is a primary or second language of many international organisations including the United Nations, the European Union, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the World Trade Organization, the International Olympic Committee, and the International Committee of the Red Cross. In 2011, Bloomberg Businessweek ranked French the third most useful language for business, after English and Standard Mandarin Chinese.
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French Language
French words and phrases
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ISO 639:fra
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Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikiversity URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
2101
21
ASC Leiden Thesaurus ID
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
Basisklassifikation
BNCF Thesaurus ID
named as
Lingua francese
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie online ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Getty AAT ID
Glottolog code
GND ID
named as
Französisch
GOST 7.75–97 code
фра 745
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
HDS ID
IAB code
1078
IETF language tag
fr
ISBN identifier group
978-2
ISO 639-1 code
fr
ISO 639-2 code
applies to part
applies to part
ISO 639-3 code
Klexikon article ID
Latvian National Encyclopedia Online ID
Library of Congress authority ID
named as
French language
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
NE.se ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PACTOLS thesaurus ID
PSH ID
Quora topic ID
subreddit
number of subscribers
51,961
UK Parliament thesaurus ID
WALS lect code
Wolfram Language entity code