German

West Germanic language
trends
MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober0500
alias
German language
Deutsch
de
native label
Deutsch (german)
short name
немецкий (russian)
німецька (ukrainian)
нямецкая (belarusian)
niemiecki (polish)
almanca (azerbaijani)
нямецкая (belarusian (taraškievica orthography))
coordinate location
latitude52
longitude10
precision0
latitude52.5
longitude13.333
precision0
latitude52.417
longitude9.667
precision0
latitude51.583
longitude11.5
precision0
latitude51
longitude11
precision0
latitude45.75
longitude21.25
precision0
number of speakers
105,000,000 ± 1,000,000
point in time
2012
applies to part
80,000,000 ± 1,000,000
point in time
2012
applies to part
Wikimedia language code
de
distribution map
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
430
exact match
Commons category
German language
OSM tag or key
Key:language:de
page banner
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
9/4/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
German (Deutsch, pronounced [dɔʏtʃ] (listen)) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium and Liechtenstein. It is one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages that are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch, including Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English. One of the major languages of the world, German is a native language to almost 100 million people worldwide and the most widely spoken native language in the European Union. German is the third most commonly spoken foreign language in the EU after English and French, making it the second biggest language in the EU in terms of overall speakers. German is also the second most widely taught foreign language in the EU after English at primary school level (but third after English and French at lower secondary level), the fourth most widely taught non-English language in the US (after Spanish, French and American Sign Language), and the second most commonly used scientific language as well as the third most widely used language on websites after English and Russian. The German-speaking countries are ranked fifth in terms of annual publication of new books, with one tenth of all books (including e-books) in the world being published in the German language. In the United Kingdom, German and French are the most sought-after foreign languages for businesses (with 49% and 50% of businesses identifying these two languages as the most useful, respectively). German is an inflected language with four cases for nouns, pronouns and adjectives (nominative, accusative, genitive, dative), three genders (masculine, feminine, neuter), two numbers (singular, plural), and strong and weak verbs. It derives the majority of its vocabulary from the ancient Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. A portion of the words are derived from Latin and Greek, and fewer are borrowed from French and Modern English. With standardized variants (German, Austrian and Swiss Standard German), German is a pluricentric language. It is also notable for its broad spectrum of dialects, with many unique varieties existing in Europe and also other parts of the world. Italy recognizes all the German minorities in its territory as national historic minorities and protects the varieties of German spoken in several regions of Northern Italy besides South Tyrol. Due to the limited intelligibility between certain varieties and Standard German, as well as the lack of an undisputed, scientific difference between a "dialect" and a "language", some German varieties or dialect groups (e.g. Low German or Plautdietsch) are alternatively referred to as "languages" or "dialects".
Wikipedia redirect
German-speaking
German (Deutsch)
German (language)
German Language
German, standard
German, Standard
Germanophone
Deutschgesprachen
German-language
German-speakers
German linguistic geography
ISO 639:deu
ISO 639:de
Deutsche Sprache
Deutschkenntnisse
List of German-speaking countries
Wie gehts
Deutsche language
German-speaking peoples
German speech
Deutsh
German speaking world
German‑speaking
ISO 639:ger
Deutsch language
German-speaking world
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikiversity URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
1301
ASC Leiden Thesaurus ID
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
Basisklassifikation
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie online ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Encyclopædia Universalis ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online ID
Glottolog code
GND ID
GOST 7.75–97 code
нем 481
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
HDS ID
IAB code
1063
IETF language tag
de
ISBN identifier group
978-3
ISO 639-1 code
de
ISO 639-2 code
applies to part
applies to part
ISO 639-3 code
Klexikon article ID
Library of Congress authority ID
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PACTOLS thesaurus ID
PSH ID
Quora topic ID
subreddit
language of work or name
number of subscribers
107,435
SUDOC authorities ID
The Top Tens ID
UK Parliament thesaurus ID
UNESCO Thesaurus ID
US National Archives Identifier
WALS lect code
external links