Skopje

Capital city of North Macedonia
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official name
Скопје (macedonian)
start time
November 20, 1912
preferred
Скопье (russian)
start time
1945
Скопле (russian)
start time
1913
end time
1944
Ускюб (russian)
start time
1392
end time
1912
Üsküp (turkish)
end time
November 20, 1912
native label
Скопје (macedonian)
coordinate location
latitude41.983
longitude21.433
precision0.017
population
640,000
point in time
2019
elevation above sea level
270 metre
area
571,460,000 square metre
postal code
1000
official website
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
media
local dialing code
02
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--4976
deprecated
licence plate code
SK
Commons category
Skopje
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Commons maps category
Maps of Skopje
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Wikipedia creation date
2/25/2002
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Skopje (/ˈskɒpji, -jeɪ/, US also /ˈskoʊp-/; Macedonian: Скопје [ˈskɔpjɛ] (listen), Albanian: Shkup) is the capital and largest city of North Macedonia. It is the country's political, cultural, economic, and academic centre. The territory of Skopje has been inhabited since at least 4000 BC; remains of Neolithic settlements have been found within the old Kale Fortress that overlooks the modern city centre. Originally a Paeonian city, Scupi became the capital of Dardania in the second century BC. On the eve of the 1st century AD, the settlement was seized by the Romans and became a military camp. When the Roman Empire was divided into eastern and western halves in 395 AD, Scupi came under Byzantine rule from Constantinople. During much of the early medieval period, the town was contested between the Byzantines and the Bulgarian Empire, whose capital it was between 972 and 992. From 1282, the town was part of the Serbian Empire and acted as its capital city from 1346 to 1371. In 1392, Skopje was conquered by the Ottoman Turks who called it Üsküb, with this name also being in use in English for a time. The town stayed under Ottoman control for over 500 years, serving as the capital of pashasanjak of Üsküp and later the Vilayet of Kosovo. At that time the city was famous for its oriental architecture.[citation needed] In 1912, it was annexed by the Kingdom of Serbia during the Balkan Wars. During the First World War the city was seized by the Kingdom of Bulgaria, and after this war, it became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Yugoslavia becoming the capital of the Vardarska banovina. In the Second World War the city was again captured by Bulgaria and in 1944 became the capital of SR Macedonia, then a federated state of Yugoslavia. The city developed rapidly, but this trend was interrupted in 1963 when it was hit by a disastrous earthquake. Skopje is located on the upper course of the Vardar River, and is located on a major north-south Balkan route between Belgrade and Athens. It is a center for metal-processing, chemical, timber, textile, leather, and printing industries. Industrial development of the city has been accompanied by development of the trade, logistics, and banking sectors, as well as an emphasis on the fields of transportation, culture and sport. According to the last official count from 2002, Skopje had a population of 506,926 inhabitants; according to official estimates, the city had a population of 544,086 inhabitants, as of 30 June 2015, meaning slightly more than a quarter of all North Macedonia's population lives in the city and its immediate surrounding area.
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Uskup
Uskub
Skoplje
Shkup
Shkupi
Üsküb
Üsküp
Skopie
Greater Skopje
City of Skopje
Uskiib
İskip
Скопје
Capital of the Republic of Macedonia
Uskuep
Uskueb
Iskip
Scopje
Ushkub
Skopje, Macedonia
Skopjan
Skopjans
Capital of North Macedonia
Capital of the Republic of North Macedonia
Capital of Macedonia (FYROM)
Ckonje
Skopje, North Macedonia
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ISO 3166-2 code
MK-85
start time
November 27, 2015
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