Istanbul

Largest city in Turkey
trends
AugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember20210500
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inception
-0667-01-01T00:00:00Z
official name
İstanbul (turkish)
native label
İstanbul (turkish)
demonym
Istanbulite (english)
Istanbulano (esperanto)
coordinate location
latitude41.01
longitude28.96
precision0
population
194019601980200010M
14,657,434
point in time
2015
preferred
15,067,724
point in time
2018
14,377,018
point in time
2014
14,160,467
point in time
2013
13,854,740
point in time
2012
13,624,240
point in time
2011
13,255,685
point in time
2010
12,915,158
point in time
2009
12,697,164
point in time
2008
12,573,836
point in time
2007
10,018,735
point in time
2000
determination method
7,309,190
point in time
1990
determination method
5,842,985
point in time
1985
determination method
4,741,890
point in time
1980
determination method
3,904,588
point in time
1975
determination method
3,019,032
point in time
1970
determination method
2,293,823
point in time
1965
determination method
1,882,092
point in time
1960
determination method
1,533,822
point in time
1955
determination method
1,166,477
point in time
1950
determination method
1,078,399
point in time
1945
determination method
991,237
point in time
1940
determination method
883,599
point in time
1935
determination method
806,863
point in time
1927
determination method
elevation above sea level
100 metre
pronunciation audio
area
5,343 square kilometre
postal code
34000–34990
official website
language of work or name
language of work or name
language of work or name
deprecated
deprecated
hashtag
Istanbul
locator map image
collage image
nighttime view
media
local dialing code
212
applies to part
216
applies to part
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--49618
deprecated
licence plate code
34
Commons category
Istanbul
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Istanbul
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twinned administrative body
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
7/19/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Istanbul (/ˌɪstænˈbʊl/, also US: /ˈɪstænbʊl/; Turkish: İstanbul [isˈtanbuɫ] (listen)), formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait (which separates Europe and Asia) between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosporus. With a total population of around 15 million residents in its metropolitan area, Istanbul is one of the world's most populous cities, ranking as the world's fourth largest city proper and the largest European city. The city is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (coterminous with Istanbul Province). Founded under the name of Byzantion (Βυζάντιον) on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BCE, the city grew in size and influence, becoming one of the most important cities in history. After its reestablishment as Constantinople in 330 CE, it served as an imperial capital for almost 16 centuries, during the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204), Latin (1204–1261), Palaiologos Byzantine (1261–1453) and Ottoman (1453–1922) empires. It was instrumental in the advancement of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 CE and transformed it into an Islamic stronghold and the seat of the Ottoman Caliphate. Under the name Constantinople it was the Ottoman capital until 1923. The capital was then moved to Ankara and the city was renamed Istanbul. The city held the strategic position between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. It was also on the historic Silk Road. It controlled rail networks between the Balkans and the Middle East, and was the only sea route between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. In 1923, after the Turkish War of Independence, Ankara was chosen as the new Turkish capital, and the city's name was changed to Istanbul. Nevertheless, the city maintained its prominence in geopolitical and cultural affairs. The population of the city has increased tenfold since the 1950s, as migrants from across Anatolia have moved in and city limits have expanded to accommodate them. Arts, music, film, and cultural festivals were established towards the end of the 20th century and continue to be hosted by the city today. Infrastructure improvements have produced a complex transportation network in the city. Over 12 million foreign visitors came to Istanbul in 2015, five years after it was named a European Capital of Culture, making the city the world's fifth most popular tourist destination. The city's biggest attraction is its historic center, partially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its cultural and entertainment hub is across the city's natural harbor, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoğlu district. Considered a global city, It hosts the headquarters of many Turkish companies and media outlets and accounts for more than a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. Hoping to capitalize on its revitalization and rapid expansion, Istanbul has bid for the Summer Olympics five times in twenty years.
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