Oslo

Capital city and county in Norway
trends
JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovember0500
inception
1048
alias
Christiania
Kristiania
name
Oslo (swedish)
start time
1925
Kristiania (swedish)
start time
1877
end time
1924
Christiania (swedish)
start time
1624
end time
1877
official name
Oslo (norwegian nynorsk)
start time
1924
writing system
Крысціянія (belarusian)
start time
1877
end time
1924
transliteration
Kristiania
writing system
Хрысціянія (belarusian)
start time
1624
end time
1877
transliteration
Christiania
writing system
demonym
osloenser (norwegian bokmål)
osloensar (norwegian nynorsk)
Oslano (esperanto)
located in the administrative territorial entity
coordinate location
latitude59.911
longitude10.753
precision0
population
201420162018640k660k680k
681,071
point in time
January 1, 2019
preferred
634,463
point in time
January 1, 2014
623,966
point in time
January 1, 2013
elevation above sea level
23 ± 1 metre
IPA transcription
ˈuslu
language of work or name
ˈuʂlu
language of work or name
area
480.758 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
preferred
454.096 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
26.662 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
50.292 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
0 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
27.106 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
0.629 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
6.607 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
289.415 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
8.256 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
4.856 square kilometre
point in time
February 27, 2018
applies to part
480.76 square kilometre
deprecated
postal code
0001–1299
official website
language of work or name
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
preferred
start time
2019
collage image
nighttime view
time of earliest written record
1048
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--4821
Commons category
Oslo
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Oslo
Wikimedia Commons URL
page banner
Wikipedia creation date
9/24/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Oslo (/ˈɒzloʊ/ OZ-loh, also US: /ˈɒsloʊ/ OSS-loh, Norwegian: [ˇʊʂlʊ] (listen), rarely [ˇʊslʊ, ˈʊʂlʊ]) is the capital and most populous city of Norway. It constitutes both a county and a municipality. During the Viking Age the area was part of Viken, the northernmost Danish province. Oslo was founded as a city at the end of the Viking Age in the year 1040 under the name Ánslo, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada. The city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 reduced its influence. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV, a new city was built closer to Akershus Fortress and named Christiania in the king's honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt) on 1 January 1838. The city functioned as the capital of Norway during the 1814–1905 union between Sweden and Norway. From 1877, the city's name was spelled Kristiania in government usage, a spelling that was adopted by the municipal authorities only in 1897. In 1925 the city, after incorporating the village retaining its former name, was renamed Oslo. In 1948 Oslo merged with Aker, a municipality which surrounded the capital and which was 27 times larger, thus creating the modern, vastly enlarged Oslo municipality. Oslo is the economic and governmental centre of Norway. The city is also a hub of Norwegian trade, banking, industry and shipping. It is an important centre for maritime industries and maritime trade in Europe. The city is home to many companies within the maritime sector, some of which are among the world's largest shipping companies, shipbrokers and maritime insurance brokers. Oslo is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission intercultural cities programme. Oslo is considered a global city and was ranked "Beta World City" in studies carried out by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network in 2008. It was ranked number one in terms of quality of life among European large cities in the European Cities of the Future 2012 report by fDi magazine. A survey conducted by ECA International in 2011 placed Oslo as the second most expensive city in the world for living expenses after Tokyo. In 2013 Oslo tied with the Australian city of Melbourne as the fourth most expensive city in the world, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)'s Worldwide Cost of Living study. As of 1 July 2017, the municipality of Oslo had a population of 672,061, while the population of the city's urban area of 3 December 2018 was 1,000,467. The metropolitan area had an estimated population of 1.71 million. The population was increasing at record rates during the early 2000s, making it the fastest growing major city in Europe at the time. This growth stems for the most part from international immigration and related high birth rates, but also from intra-national migration. The immigrant population in the city is growing somewhat faster than the Norwegian population, and in the city proper this is now more than 25% of the total population if immigrant parents are included.
Wikipedia redirect
Oslo, Norway
Capital of Norway
Kristiania
Christiana, Norway
NOOSL
Oslo (county)
Christiania, Norway
UN/LOCODE:NOOSL
Kristiania, Norway
Trafikketaten
History of Oslo
List of books about Oslo
Tigerstaden
The weather in Oslo
City of Oslo
Olso
Municipality of Oslo
Ósló
Oslo fylke
Geography of Oslo
Crime in Oslo
Åslo
Ånslo
Capital of Norwegia
Wikipedia URL
Wikivoyage URL
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ISO 3166-2 code
NO-03
Klexikon article ID
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Norwegian municipality number
0301
Norwegian organisation number
NUTS code
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