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official name
Lisboa (portuguese)
native label
Lisboa (portuguese)
demonym
lisboeta (portuguese)
lisboeta (spanish)
lisbonnin (french)
applies to part
lisbonnine (french)
applies to part
lisbonnais (french)
applies to part
lisbonnaise (french)
applies to part
lisboète (french)
Lisbonano (esperanto)
Lisboner (english)
located in the administrative territorial entity
coordinate location
latitude38.717
longitude-9.167
precision0.017
population
2012201420162018520k540k
506,654
point in time
2018
preferred
505,526
point in time
2017
506,892
point in time
2015
545,245
point in time
January 1, 2011
547,733
point in time
2011
elevation above sea level
100 [0 - 200] metre
area
100.05 [100.04 - 100.06] square kilometre
postal code
1000–1900
official website
flag image
coat of arms image
time of earliest written record
-0205-01-01T00:00:00Z
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--46942
deprecated
Commons category
Lisbon
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Lisbon
page banner
twinned administrative body
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
9/12/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Lisbon (/ˈlɪzbən/; Portuguese: Lisboa [liʒˈboɐ] (listen)) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 505,526 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Lisbon's urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.8 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3 million people live in the Lisbon metropolitan area, which represents approximately 27% of the country's population. It is mainland Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost portions of its metro area form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, which is known as Cabo da Roca, located in the Sintra Mountains. Lisbon is recognised as an alpha-level global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education and tourism. Lisbon is one of two Portuguese cities (alongside Porto) to be recognised as a global city. It is one of the major economic centres on the continent, with a growing financial sector and one of the largest container ports on Europe's Atlantic coast. Additionally, Humberto Delgado Airport served 29 million passengers in 2018, being the busiest airport in Portugal, the 3rd busiest in the Iberian Peninsula and the 20th busiest in Europe. The motorway network and the high-speed rail system of Alfa Pendular links the main cities of Portugal to Lisbon. The city is the 9th-most-visited city in Southern Europe, after Rome, Istanbul, Barcelona, Milan, Venice, Madrid, Florence and Athens, with 3,320,300 tourists in 2017. The Lisbon region has a higher GDP PPP per capita than any other region in Portugal. Its GDP amounts to US$96.3 billion and thus $32,434 per capita. The city occupies the 40th place of highest gross earnings in the world. Most of the headquarters of multinational corporations in Portugal are located in the Lisbon area. It is also the political centre of the country, as its seat of government and residence of the head of state. Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world, and the second-oldest European capital city (after Athens), predating other modern European capitals by centuries. Julius Caesar made it a municipium called Felicitas Julia, adding to the name Olissipo. Ruled by a series of Germanic tribes from the 5th century, it was captured by the Moors in the 8th century. In 1147, the Crusaders under Afonso Henriques reconquered the city and since then it has been the political, economic and cultural center of Portugal.
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