Italian

Romance language
trends
MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober0500
alias
it
Italiano
Italian language
native label
italiano (italian)
Italiano (italian)
short name
итальянский (russian)
італійська (ukrainian)
italyanca (azerbaijani)
coordinate location
latitude43
longitude12
precision0
latitude43.75
longitude11.25
precision0
number of speakers
200920102011201220M40M60M
64,819,790
point in time
2012
applies to part
3,026,000
point in time
2009
applies to part
Wikimedia language code
it
pronunciation audio
language of work or name
distribution map
media
Linguasphere code
51-AAA-q
exact match
Commons category
Italian language
page banner
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
5/9/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Italian (italiano [itaˈljaːno] (listen) or lingua italiana [ˈliŋɡwa itaˈljaːna]) is a Romance language of the Indo-European language family. Italian descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire and, together with Sardinian, is by most measures the closest language to it of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland (where it is the first language in Canton Ticino and in the districts of Moesa and Bernina in Canton Graubünden), San Marino and Vatican City. It has an official minority status in western Istria (Croatia and Slovenia). It formerly had official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro (Kotor) and Greece (Ionian Islands and Dodecanese), and is generally understood in Corsica (due to its close relation with the Tuscan-influenced local language) and Savoie. It also used to be an official language in the former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa, where it still plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. Italian is included under the languages covered by the European Charter for Regional or Minority languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Romania, although Italian is neither a co-official nor a protected language in these countries. Many speakers of Italian are native bilinguals of both Italian (either in its standard form or regional varieties) and other regional languages. Italian is a major European language, being one of the official languages of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and one of the working languages of the Council of Europe. It is the fourth most widely spoken first language in the European Union with 69 million native speakers (13% of the EU population) and it is spoken as a second language by 16 million EU citizens (3%). Including Italian speakers in non-EU European countries (such as Switzerland and Albania) and on other continents, the total number of speakers is around 90 million. Italian is the main working language of the Holy See, serving as the lingua franca (common language) in the Roman Catholic hierarchy as well as the official language of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Italian is known as the language of music because of its use in musical terminology and opera. Its influence is also widespread in the arts and in the luxury goods market. Italian was adopted by the state after the Unification of Italy, having previously been a literary language based on Tuscan as spoken mostly by the upper class of Florentine society. Its development was also influenced by other Italian languages and to some minor extent, by the Germanic languages of the post-Roman invaders. The incorporation into Italian of learned words from its own ancestor language, Latin, is another form of lexical borrowing through the influence of written language, scientific terminology and the liturgical language of the Church. Throughout the Middle Ages and into the early modern period, most literate Italians were also literate in Latin; and thus they easily adopted Latin words into their writing—and eventually speech—in Italian. Its vowels are the second-closest to Latin after Sardinian. As in most Romance languages, stress is distinctive and, unlike most other Romance languages, Italian retains Latin's contrast between short and long consonants. Almost all words and syllables finish with pure vowels, a factor that makes Italian words extremely easy to use in rhyming. Italian has a 7 vowel sound system ('e' and 'o' have mid-low and mid-high sounds); Classical Latin had 10, 5 with short and 5 with long sounds.
Wikipedia redirect
Italian (language)
Italian Language
Italophone
Italiophone
History of Italian
ISO 639:ita
ISO 639:it
History of the Italian language
Medieval Italian
Lingua italiana
Italian-language
Geographic distribution of Italian
Italianised
La lingua italiana
Old Italian
Standard Italian
Italiano
Italian word
Old Italian language
Italianized
Modern Italian
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikiversity URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
2401
24
ASC Leiden Thesaurus ID
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
Basisklassifikation
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie online ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Encyclopædia Universalis ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Glottolog code
GND ID
GOST 7.75–97 code
ита 235
Great Aragonese Encyclopedia ID
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
IAB code
1103
IETF language tag
it
ISO 639-1 code
it
ISO 639-2 code
ISO 639-3 code
Klexikon article ID
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
NE.se ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PACTOLS thesaurus ID
PSH ID
Quora topic ID
UNESCO Thesaurus ID
US National Archives Identifier
WALS lect code
external links