Amsterdam

Capital and largest city of the Netherlands
trends
NovemberDecember2021FebruaryMarchApril0500
inception
1300
alias
Mokum
Amsterdam, NL
Amsterdam, Netherlands
A'dam
name
Amstelodami (latin)
official name
Amsterdam (dutch)
native label
Amsterdam (dutch)
nickname
Mokum (dutch)
statement is subject of
מָקוֹם א (yiddish)
demonym
Amsterdammer (dutch)
amsterdamano (esperanto)
Amsterdamer (english)
Amsterdamer (german)
Amsterdamer (austrian german)
Amsterdamer (swiss high german)
coordinate location
latitude52.383
longitude4.9
precision0.017
spoken text audio
language of work or name
Wikimedia page-version URL
population
16001700180019002000500k
860,124
point in time
2018
preferred
851,573
point in time
2017
825,080
point in time
2016
825,080
point in time
March 31, 2015
523,577
point in time
1900
317,000
point in time
1879
224,000
point in time
1850
180,000
point in time
1810
200,600
point in time
1796
206,000
point in time
1675
54,000
point in time
1600
water as percent of area
24.23 percent
elevation above sea level
-2 metre
pronunciation audio
language of work or name
IPA transcription
ˌʔɑmstərˈdɑm
language of work or name
area
219 square kilometre
postal code
1100–1109
start time
January 10, 2014
1000–1098
official website
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
place name sign
time of earliest written record
1275
media
local dialing code
020
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--492352
Commons category
Amsterdam
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Amsterdam
Wikimedia Commons URL
page banner
twinned administrative body
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
10/14/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Amsterdam (/ˈæmstərdæm/, UK also /ˌæmstərˈdæm/; Dutch: [ɑmstərˈdɑm] (listen)) is the capital and most populous city of the Netherlands with a population of 872,680 within the city proper, 1,380,872 in the urban area and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan area. Found within the province of North Holland, Amsterdam is colloquially referred to as the "Venice of the North", attributed by the large number of canals which form a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Amsterdam's name derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the city's origin around a dam in the river Amstel. Originating as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world in the Dutch Golden Age of the 17th century and became the leading centre for finance and trade. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the city expanded, and many new neighbourhoods and suburbs were planned and built. The 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Sloten, annexed in 1921 by the municipality of Amsterdam, is the oldest part of the city, dating to the 9th century. As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered an alpha-world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group. The city is also the cultural capital of the Netherlands. Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, including Philips, AkzoNobel, TomTom and ING. Also, many of the world's largest companies are based in Amsterdam or have established their European headquarters in the city, such as leading technology companies Uber, Netflix and Tesla. In 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and 12th globally on quality of living for environment and infrastructure by Mercer. The city was ranked 4th place globally as top tech hub in the Savills Tech Cities 2019 report (2nd in Europe), and 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009. The Port of Amsterdam is the fifth largest in Europe. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is the busiest airport in the Netherlands, and the third busiest in Europe. Famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt and Van Gogh, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is the oldest stock exchange in the world. Amsterdam's main attractions include its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, the Concertgebouw, the Anne Frank House, the Scheepvaartmuseum, the Amsterdam Museum, the Heineken Experience, the Royal Palace of Amsterdam, Natura Artis Magistra, Hortus Botanicus Amsterdam, NEMO, the red-light district and many cannabis coffee shops. They draw more than 5 million international visitors annually. The city is also well known for its nightlife and festival activity; several of its nightclubs (Melkweg, Paradiso) are among the world's most famous. It is also one of the world's most multicultural cities, with at least 177 nationalities represented.