Massachusetts

State of the United States of America
trends
JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember0500
inception
February 6, 1788
alias
Bay State
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
MA
native label
Commonwealth of Massachusetts (english)
nickname
The Bay State (english)
short name
MA (english)
start time
1963
demonym
Massachusettsan (english)
Masaĉuseano (esperanto)
Bay Stater (english)
Massachusite (english)
motto text
Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (latin)
located in the administrative territorial entity
coordinate location
latitude42.3
longitude-71.8
precision0.017
population
192019401960198020004M6M
6,794,422
point in time
2015
determination method
preferred
6,547,629
point in time
April 1, 2010
determination method
6,349,097
point in time
2000
determination method
6,016,425
point in time
1990
determination method
5,737,037
point in time
1980
determination method
5,689,170
point in time
1970
determination method
5,148,578
point in time
1960
determination method
4,690,514
point in time
1950
determination method
4,316,721
point in time
1940
determination method
4,249,614
point in time
1930
determination method
3,852,356
point in time
1920
determination method
3,366,416
point in time
1910
determination method
contains administrative territorial entity
water as percent of area
elevation above sea level
150 metre
pronunciation audio
area
27,336 square kilometre
official website
language of work or name
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
seal image
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--744
Commons category
Massachusetts
Commons maps category
Maps of Massachusetts
coordinates of geographic center
latitude42.26
longitude-71.808
precision0
directions
Irving St. and Wellington St., Worcester (english)
maximum temperature record
107 degree Fahrenheit
point in time
August 2, 1975
minimum temperature record
-40 degree Fahrenheit
point in time
January 22, 1984
page banner
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
10/1/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Massachusetts (/ˌmæsəˈtʃuːsɪts/ (listen), /-zɪts/), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, and is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of the population of Massachusetts lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade. Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine. Plymouth was founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of the Mayflower. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials. In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention. In the 18th century, the Protestant First Great Awakening, which swept the Atlantic World, originated from the pulpit of Northampton preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution. The entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful scientific, commercial, and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist, temperance, and transcendentalist movements. In the late 19th century, the sports of basketball and volleyball were invented in the western Massachusetts cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the decision in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, and Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, also in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most highly regarded academic institutions in the world. Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance; and according to the World Population Review's 2020 ranking, Massachusetts' residents demonstrated the highest average intelligence quotient of all U.S. states. The state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive.
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Wikipedia URL
Wikivoyage URL
archINFORM location ID
BabelNet ID
BHL creator ID
named as
Massachusetts.
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID
British Museum person-institution
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie online ID
C-SPAN organization ID
Comic Vine ID
Crossref funder ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
FIPS 5-2 alpha code (US states)
MA
FIPS 5-2 numeric code (US states)
25
Freebase ID
GACS ID
GeoNames ID
GND ID
GNIS ID
Golden ID
Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana ID
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
ISO 3166-2 code
US-MA
Legal Entity Identifier
Library of Congress authority ID
LittleSis organisation ID