Myocardial Infarction

Interruption of blood supply to a part of the heart
trends
NovemberDecember2021FebruaryMarchApril0500
alias
MI
infarctus myocardii acutus
heart attack
myocardial infarct
drug used for treatment
Tenecteplase
(RS)-Metoprolol
Bisoprolol
Pindolol
Anisindione
Acebutolol
Diltiazem
PLAU
Eptifibatide
Propranolol
Labetalol
Dalteparin
(S)-(−)-Timolol
Nadolol
Atenolol
Esmolol
Tirofiban
Sulfinpyrazone
Penbutolol
Streptokinase
Anistreplase
Nitroglycerin
Carvedilol
Verapamil
media
ICPC 2 ID
K75
NCI Thesaurus ID
C27996
Patientplus ID
acute-myocardial-infarction
exact match
Commons category
Myocardial infarction
Wikipedia creation date
7/7/2002
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Myocardial infarction (MI), also known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat or feeling tired. About 30% of people have atypical symptoms. Women more often present without chest pain and instead have neck pain, arm pain or feel tired. Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had an MI with little or no history of symptoms. An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest. Most MIs occur due to coronary artery disease. Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet and excessive alcohol intake, among others. The complete blockage of a coronary artery caused by a rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque is usually the underlying mechanism of an MI. MIs are less commonly caused by coronary artery spasms, which may be due to cocaine, significant emotional stress and extreme cold, among others. A number of tests are useful to help with diagnosis, including electrocardiograms (ECGs), blood tests and coronary angiography. An ECG, which is a recording of the heart's electrical activity, may confirm an ST elevation MI (STEMI), if ST elevation is present. Commonly used blood tests include troponin and less often creatine kinase MB. Treatment of an MI is time-critical. Aspirin is an appropriate immediate treatment for a suspected MI. Nitroglycerin or opioids may be used to help with chest pain; however, they do not improve overall outcomes. Supplemental oxygen is recommended in those with low oxygen levels or shortness of breath. In a STEMI, treatments attempt to restore blood flow to the heart and include percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), where the arteries are pushed open and may be stented, or thrombolysis, where the blockage is removed using medications. People who have a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are often managed with the blood thinner heparin, with the additional use of PCI in those at high risk. In people with blockages of multiple coronary arteries and diabetes, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) may be recommended rather than angioplasty. After an MI, lifestyle modifications, along with long term treatment with aspirin, beta blockers and statins, are typically recommended. Worldwide, about 15.9 million myocardial infarctions occurred in 2015. More than 3 million people had an ST elevation MI, and more than 4 million had an NSTEMI. STEMIs occur about twice as often in men as women. About one million people have an MI each year in the United States. In the developed world, the risk of death in those who have had an STEMI is about 10%. Rates of MI for a given age have decreased globally between 1990 and 2010. In 2011, a MI was one of the top five most expensive conditions during inpatient hospitalizations in the US, with a cost of about $11.5 billion for 612,000 hospital stays.
Wikipedia redirect
Myocardial infarct
Acute myocardial infarction
Heart Attack
Coronary infarction
Heart attacks
Heart stroke
Acute Myocardial Infarction
Myocaridal infarction
NSTEMI
STEMI
Heartattack
Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial infarctions
Massive coronary
Awmi
Cardial infarction
Acute myocardial ischemia
Heart attack
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
Silent heart attack
Coronary artery occlusion
Non-STEMI
ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Cardiac infarction
Heart infarction
Cardiac infarct
Heart infarct
Non STEMI
ST elevation MI
Non-ST elevation MI
ST elevation myocardial infarction
Massive heart attack
Walking heart attack
Subendocardial infarct
Inferior infarction
Inferior myocardial infarction
Non ST elevation myocardial infarction
Silent infarct
Cardio infarction
Psychological risk factors in patients with myocardial infarction
ST-elevation MI
Infarctus myocardii
ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
Myocardial infraction
Cardiovascular emergencies
Cardiovascular emergency
Q wave infarction
ST-segment elevation MI
Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction
Wikipedia URL
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID
Disease Ontology ID
DiseasesDB
DocCheck Flexikon De ID
eMedicine ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine ID
Freebase ID
GND ID
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
Human Phenotype Ontology ID
ICD-10
ICD-10-CM
ICD-9
internetmedicin.se ID
JSTOR topic ID
Klexikon article ID
Library of Congress authority ID
MalaCards ID
MedlinePlus ID
MeSH code
MeSH descriptor ID
named as
Myocardial Infarction
National Diet Library Auth ID
OMIM ID
PubMed Health
Quora topic ID
UMLS CUI
WikiSkripta ID
external links