Polish

Indo-European language from the West Slavic group spoken in Poland
trends
MayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober0500
alias
Polish language
pl
Polski
native label
język polski (polish)
polszczyzna (polish)
short name
польский (russian)
польська (ukrainian)
польская (belarusian)
poola keel (estonian)
polyakca (azerbaijani)
number of speakers
20082010201239.8M40.0M40.2M
39,794,740 ± 1
point in time
2013
applies to part
454,000 ± 1
point in time
2013
applies to part
40,200,000 ± 1
point in time
2007
Wikimedia language code
pl
distribution map
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
491.85
exact match
Commons category
Polish language
OSM tag or key
Key:language:pl
page banner
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
8/16/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Polish (język polski, ['jɛ̃w̃zɨk ˈpɔlskʲi] (listen), polszczyzna or simply polski, [ˈpɔlskʲi] (listen)) is a West Slavic language of the Lechitic group. It is spoken primarily in Poland and serves as the native language of the Poles. In addition to being an official language of Poland, it is also used by Polish minorities in other countries. There are over 50 million Polish-language speakers around the world and it is one of the official languages of the European Union. Polish is written with the standardized Polish alphabet, which has nine additions to the letters of the basic Latin script (ą, ć, ę, ł, ń, ó, ś, ź, ż). Among the major languages, it is most closely related to Slovak and Czech, but differs from other Slavic varieties in terms of pronunciation and general grammar. In addition, Polish was profoundly influenced by Germanic languages, most notably German, and Italic languages like Latin and French, which contributed to a large number of loanwords and similar grammatical structures. Polish currently has the largest number of speakers of the West Slavic group and is also the second most widely spoken Slavic language. Historically, Polish was a lingua franca, important both diplomatically and academically in Central and Eastern Europe. Today, Polish is spoken by over 38.5 million people as their first language in Poland. It is also spoken as a second language in Northern Czech Republic and Slovakia, western parts of Belarus and Ukraine as well as in Central-Eastern Lithuania and Latvia. Because of the emigration from Poland during different time periods, most notably after World War II, millions of Polish speakers can be found in countries such as Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Israel, Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Wikipedia redirect
PolishLanguage
Polish (language)
Polish Language
ISO 639:pol
Polaco language
Modern Polish
Polszczyzna
Polish word
Język polski
ISO 639:pl
Jezyk polski
Polish-language
Siwierski
Lang-pl
History of the Polish language
Loanwords from Polish
Polish syntax
Wikipedia URL
Wikiversity URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
3602
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
Biblioteca Nacional de España ID
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie online ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Getty AAT ID
Glottolog code
GND ID
GOST 7.75–97 code
пол 540
Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana ID
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
IAB code
1159
IETF language tag
pl
ISO 639-1 code
pl
ISO 639-2 code
ISO 639-3 code
Klexikon article ID
Library of Congress authority ID
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
Online PWN Encyclopedia
PACTOLS thesaurus ID
PSH ID
Quora topic ID
UK Parliament thesaurus ID
UNESCO Thesaurus ID
WALS lect code
Zhihu topic ID
external links