Manchester

Major city in Greater Manchester, England, UK
trends
JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovember0500
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inception
1301
demonym
Mancunian (english)
coordinate location
latitude53.467
longitude-2.233
precision0.017
population
2012201420162018520k540k
547,627
point in time
2018
preferred
545,500
point in time
2017
520,215
point in time
June 30, 2014
511,852
point in time
2011
elevation above sea level
38 metre
area
115.6 square kilometre
applies to part
postal code
M
official website
language of work or name
retrieved
May 23, 2017
coat of arms image
collage image
media
local dialing code
0161
Commons category
Manchester
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located in or next to body of water
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Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
10/10/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Manchester (/ˈmæntʃɛstər/) is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 547,627 as of 2018 (5th most populous English district). It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.9 million, and third-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.3 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority for the city is Manchester City Council. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, which was established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell. It is historically a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century. The first to be included, Wythenshawe, was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, and resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city. Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles (58 km) to the west. Its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. Following successful redevelopment after the IRA bombing, Manchester was the host city for the 2002 Commonwealth Games. Manchester is the third most visited city in the UK, after London and Edinburgh. It is notable for its architecture, culture, musical exports, media links, scientific and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester is a city of notable firsts, Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station. The city has also excelled in scientific advancement, as it was at The University of Manchester in 1917 that scientist Ernest Rutherford first split the atom, in 1948 Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn, and Geoff Tootill developed and built the world's first stored-program computer, and in 2004 Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov successfully isolated and characterised the first graphene.
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start time
January 1, 1999
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number of subscribers
163,463
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named as
Manchester, Lancashire
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named as
Manchester CP/AP
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