Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Limited-recognition state on the Island of Cyprus
trends
JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovember0500
inception
1983
alias
Northern Cyprus
North Cyprus Turkish Republic
Turkish Republic of Cyprus
Turkish Federative State of North Cyprus
Turkish Cypriot constituent state
Republic of Northern Cyprus
Turkish Cyprus
North Cyprus
NCY
Turkish Republic of North Cyprus
TRNC
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Turkish occupied Cyprus
Turkish Cypriot state
demonym
Turkish Cypriot (english)
coordinate location
latitude35.181
longitude33.363
precision0
population
313,626
point in time
2014
area
3,355 square kilometre
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
media
country calling code
+90392
Commons category
Northern Cyprus
Commons gallery
Commons maps category
Maps of Northern Cyprus
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Wikipedia creation date
7/18/2003
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Wikipedia opening text
Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, KKTC), is a de facto state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey, Northern Cyprus is considered by the international community to be part of the Republic of Cyprus. Northern Cyprus extends from the tip of the Karpass Peninsula in the northeast to Morphou Bay, Cape Kormakitis and its westernmost point, the Kokkina exclave in the west. Its southernmost point is the village of Louroujina. A buffer zone under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island's largest city and capital of both sides. A coup d'état in 1974, performed as part of an attempt to annex the island to Greece, prompted the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. This resulted in the eviction of much of the north's Greek Cypriot population, the flight of Turkish Cypriots from the south, and the partitioning of the island, leading to a unilateral declaration of independence by the north in 1983. Due to its lack of recognition, Northern Cyprus is heavily dependent on Turkey for economic, political and military support. Attempts to reach a solution to the Cyprus dispute have been unsuccessful. The Turkish Army maintains a large force in Northern Cyprus. While its presence is supported and approved by the TRNC government, the Republic of Cyprus, the European Union as a whole, and the international community regard it as an occupation force, and its presence has been denounced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions. Northern Cyprus is a semi-presidential, democratic republic with a cultural heritage incorporating various influences and an economy that is dominated by the services sector. The economy has seen growth through the 2000s and 2010s, with the GNP per capita more than tripling in the 2000s, but is held back by an international embargo due to the official closure of the ports in Northern Cyprus by the Republic of Cyprus. The official language is Turkish, with a distinct local dialect being spoken. The vast majority of the population consists of Sunni Muslims, while religious attitudes are mostly moderate and secular. Northern Cyprus is an observer of the OIC and ECO, and has observer status in the PACE under the title "Turkish Cypriot Community".
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North Cyprus
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History of Northern Cyprus
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