Leukemia

Group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow
trends
NovemberDecember2021FebruaryMarchApril0500
alias
leukaemia
Leukemia NOS
Leukemia, NOS
Leukemias
Leukemia, Disease
Leukemias, General
LEUKEMIA, MALIGNANT
Blood (Leukemia)
Leukemia
drug used for treatment
Methotrexate
Cytarabine
Vincristine
Pipobroman
Irinotecan
Isotretinoin
media
ICD-9-CM
208
208.9
207.8
208.80
207
208.90
207.80
208.8
ICPC 2 ID
B73
NCI Thesaurus ID
C3161
mapping relation type
C3161
exact match
Commons category
Leukemias
Wikipedia creation date
12/8/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of blood cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal blood cells. These blood cells are not fully developed and are called blasts or leukemia cells. Symptoms may include bleeding and bruising, feeling tired, fever, and an increased risk of infections. These symptoms occur due to a lack of normal blood cells. Diagnosis is typically made by blood tests or bone marrow biopsy. The exact cause of leukemia is unknown. A combination of genetic factors and environmental (non-inherited) factors are believed to play a role. Risk factors include smoking, ionizing radiation, some chemicals (such as benzene), prior chemotherapy, and Down syndrome. People with a family history of leukemia are also at higher risk. There are four main types of leukemia—acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)—as well as a number of less common types. Leukemias and lymphomas both belong to a broader group of tumors that affect the blood, bone marrow, and lymphoid system, known as tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues. Treatment may involve some combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and bone marrow transplant, in addition to supportive care and palliative care as needed. Certain types of leukemia may be managed with watchful waiting. The success of treatment depends on the type of leukemia and the age of the person. Outcomes have improved in the developed world. Five-year survival rate is 57% in the United States. In children under 15, the five-year survival rate is greater than 60 to 90%, depending on the type of leukemia. In children with acute leukemia who are cancer-free after five years, the cancer is unlikely to return. In 2015, leukemia was present in 2.3 million people and caused 353,500 deaths. In 2012 it newly developed in 352,000 people. It is the most common type of cancer in children, with three-quarters of leukemia cases in children being the acute lymphoblastic type. However, over 90% of all leukemias are diagnosed in adults, with CLL and AML being most common in adults. It occurs more commonly in the developed world.
Wikipedia redirect
Leukaemia
Leukemi
Leukemias
Leukeamia
Leukemia, w/o remission, NOS
Kyuusei hakketsu byou
Leukaemias
Leukimia
Leukema
Leukemic
Luekemia
Lukemia
Lukaemia
Blast count
Leucaemia
Leucemia
Aleukemic leukemia
Aleukemia
Leukæmia
Lekemia
T-cell leukaemia
Chronic lymphocytic (involving skin) t-cell leukaemia
Luekaemia
Treatment of leukemia
Aleukaemia
Leukemogenesis
Causes of leukemia
Wikipedia URL
BabelNet ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Disease Ontology ID
mapping relation type
DiseasesDB
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Encyclopædia Universalis ID
Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine ID
Freebase ID
GND ID
Human Phenotype Ontology ID
ICD-10-CM
ICD-O
JSTOR topic ID
Library of Congress authority ID
MalaCards ID
MedlinePlus ID
MeSH code
MeSH descriptor ID
mapping relation type
named as
Leukemia
MonDO ID
MONDO:0005059
National Diet Library Auth ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PSH ID
Quora topic ID
UMLS CUI
mapping relation type
US National Archives Identifier
WikiSkripta ID
external links