Malayalam

Language spoken in Kerala and Lakshadweep of India
trends
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alias
ml
mal
Malayalam language
native label
മലയാളം (malayalam)
മലയാളം‎ (Malayāḷam) (malayalam)
coordinate location
latitude10
longitude76.5
precision0
number of speakers
30,000,000 ± 5,000,000
Wikimedia language code
ml
distribution map
media
ISOCAT id
796
Linguasphere code
49-EBE-ba
exact match
Commons category
Malayalam language
page banner
Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
2/25/2002
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Malayalam (/ˌmələˈjɑːləm/; Malayalam: മലയാളം, Malayāḷam ? [mələjaːɭəm]) is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé district) by the Malayali people. It is one of 22 scheduled languages of India spoken by nearly 2.88% of Indians. Malayalam has official language status in the state of Kerala and in the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé) and is spoken by 37 million people worldwide. Malayalam is also spoken by linguistic minorities in the neighbouring states; with significant number of speakers in the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari, and Coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, and Kodagu and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka. Due to Malayali expatriates in the Persian Gulf, the language is also widely spoken in Gulf countries. The origin of Malayalam remains a matter of dispute among scholars. One view holds that Malayalam and modern Tamil are offshoots of Middle Tamil and separated from it sometime after the c. 7th century AD. A second view argues for the development of the two languages out of "Proto-Dravidian" or "Proto-Tamil-Malayalam" in the prehistoric era. Designated a "Classical Language in India" in 2013, it developed into the current form mainly by the influence of the poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century. The oldest documents written purely in Malayalam and still surviving are the Vazhappalli Copper plates from 832 AD and Tharisapalli Copper plates from 849 AD. The earliest script used to write Malayalam was the Vatteluttu alphabet, and later the Kolezhuttu, which derived from it.[unreliable source?] The current Malayalam script is based on the Vatteluttu script, which was extended with Grantha script letters to adopt Indo-Aryan loanwords. The oldest literary work in Malayalam, distinct from the Tamil tradition, is dated from between the 9th and 11th centuries. The first travelogue in any Indian language is the Malayalam Varthamanappusthakam, written by Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar in 1785.
Wikipedia redirect
Malayalem
മലയാളം
Malayam
Malyalam
Mayalam
ISO 639:mal
Malayalam Language
Dialects of Malayalam
Malayalam-language
Malāyalam
Malayāḷaṁ
Malayalam (language)
Malayāḷam
Malayalam language
ISO 639:ml
Classical Malayalam
Malayālam
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
5102
BabelNet ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Glottolog code
GOST 7.75–97 code
мал 425
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
IAB code
1135
IETF language tag
ml
ISO 639-1 code
ml
ISO 639-2 code
ISO 639-3 code
Library of Congress authority ID
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
NE.se ID
WALS lect code
external links