Integrated Authority File

International authority file for personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies
trends
AugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember20210500
social networks
Twitter icon
Twitter icon
inception
April 19, 2012
alias
GND
Universal Authority File
Gemeinsame Normdatei
native label
Gemeinsame Normdatei (german)
short name
GND (german)
collection or exhibition size
20132014201510.5M11.0M
11,269,767
point in time
2015
11,060,638
point in time
2014
10,233,340
point in time
2013
official website
language of work or name
language of work or name
SPARQL endpoint
media
Wikidata property
gnd_id
Dewey Decimal Classification
025.3222
International Standard Identifier for Libraries
DE-588
Wikipedia creation date
4/20/2012
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
The Integrated Authority File (German: Gemeinsame Normdatei; also known as the Universal Authority File) or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used mainly for documentation in libraries and increasingly also by archives and museums. The GND is managed by the German National Library (German: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek; DNB) in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero (CC0) licence. The GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, and an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It also comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format. The Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File (German: Personennamendatei; PND) Corporate Bodies Authority File (German: Gemeinsame Körperschaftsdatei; GKD) Subject Headings Authority File (German: Schlagwortnormdatei; SWD) Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv (German: Einheitssachtitel-Datei des Deutschen Musikarchivs; DMA-EST) At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
Wikipedia redirect
Gemeinsame Normdatei
Universal Authority File
GND identifier
Wikipedia URL
BARTOC ID
preferred
Freebase ID
SNAC Ark ID
Twitter username
point in time
December 30, 2019
number of subscribers
945
VIAF ID
external links