American Football

A form of team game played with an oval ball on a field marked out as a gridiron
gridiron football
American rules football
short name
Football (english)
spoken text audio
language of work or name
Dewey Decimal Classification
Unicode character
Commons category
American football
Commons gallery
Wikimedia Commons URL
OSM tag or key
page banner
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team with possession of the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with the ball or passing it, while the defense, the team without possession of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs or plays; if they fail, they turn over the football to the defense, but if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs to continue the drive. Points are scored primarily by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins. American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of soccer and rugby. The first American football match was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams, Rutgers and Princeton, using rules based on the rules of soccer at the time. A set of rule changes drawn up from 1880 onward by Walter Camp, the "Father of American Football", established the snap, the line of scrimmage, eleven-player teams, and the concept of downs. Later rule changes legalized the forward pass, created the neutral zone and specified the size and shape of the football. The sport is closely related to Canadian football, which evolved in parallel with and at the same time as the American game (although their rules were developed independently from that of Camp's). Most of the features that distinguish American football from rugby and soccer are also present in Canadian football. The two sports are considered the primary variants of gridiron football. American football is the most popular sport in the United States. The most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012[update], nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually. The National Football League, the most popular American football league, has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world. Its championship game, the Super Bowl, ranks among the most-watched club sporting events in the world. The league has an annual revenue of around US$10 billion. Other leagues exist worldwide, but the sport does not have the international popularity of other American sports like baseball or basketball.
Wikipedia redirect
American Football
Football (American)
Football (US)
Football (America)
American football/to do
Defense (American football)
Passing (American Football)
Football (American version)
The Game of Football
American style football
American-style football
American-Style football
American-Style Football
American Style Football
American gridiron football
American rules football
Yards passing
American foot ball
American foot-ball
American handegg
American Handegg
Tackle football
Wikipedia URL
Wikivoyage URL
BabelNet ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Comic Vine ID
Dagens Nyheter topic ID
Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine ID
Freebase ID
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
IAB code
Iconclass notation
IPTC NewsCode
Klexikon article ID
National Diet Library Auth ID
NYT topic ID
Quora topic ID
RationalWiki ID
external links