Synonym

Scientific name that also applies to a taxon (not the current name)
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Wikidata property
taxon_synonym
Wikipedia creation date
11/28/2006
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Wikipedia opening text
In scientific nomenclature, a synonym is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name, although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature. For example, Linnaeus was the first to give a scientific name (under the currently used system of scientific nomenclature) to the Norway spruce, which he called Pinus abies. This name is no longer in use: it is now a synonym of the current scientific name, Picea abies. Unlike synonyms in other contexts, in taxonomy a synonym is not interchangeable with the name of which it is a synonym. In taxonomy, synonyms are not equals, but have a different status. For any taxon with a particular circumscription, position, and rank, only one scientific name is considered to be the correct one at any given time (this correct name is to be determined by applying the relevant code of nomenclature). A synonym cannot exist in isolation: it is always an alternative to a different scientific name. Given that the correct name of a taxon depends on the taxonomic viewpoint used (resulting in a particular circumscription, position and rank) a name that is one taxonomist's synonym may be another taxonomist's correct name (and vice versa). Synonyms may arise whenever the same taxon is described and named more than once, independently. They may also arise when existing taxa are changed, as when two taxa are joined to become one, a species is moved to a different genus, a variety is moved to a different species, etc. Synonyms also come about when the codes of nomenclature change, so that older names are no longer acceptable; for example, Erica herbacea L. has been rejected in favour of Erica carnea L. and is thus its synonym.
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Synonym (biology)
Senior synonym
Junior synonym
Junior objective synonym
Synonym (botany)
Synonym (zoology)
Botanical synonym
Syn.
Synonym (taxonymy)
Nomenclatural synonym
Homotypic synonym
Taxonomic synonym
Heterotypic synonym
Pro parte
Taxonomic synonymy
Junior Synonym
Preoccupied name
Jr. synonym
Subjective synonym
Biological synonyms
Junior subjective synonym
Later synonym
Synonymy (taxonomy)
Homotypic synonymy
Synonymy (biology)
Objective synonym
Synonyms (taxonomy)
Junior synonyms
Preoccupied
Jr. Synonym
Junior synonymy
Synonymizing
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