Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Salafi jihadist terrorist and militant group
trends
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social networks
Instagram icon
inception
1999
identity of subject in context
2006
identity of subject in context
alias
Daesh
ISIL
Islamic State in Iraq and Syria
Islamic State
Islamic State of Iraq and Levant
IS
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Islamic State Group
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham
The Islamic State
official name
الدولة الإسلامية (arabic)
native label
الدولة الإسلامية (arabic)
official language
currency
Islamic State Dinar
hashtag
ISIS
locator map image
flag image
seal image
media
Commons category
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
1/24/2007
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL /ˈaɪsəl, ˈaɪsɪl/), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS /ˈaɪsɪs/), officially known as the Islamic State (IS) and also known by its Arabic-language acronym Daesh (Arabic: داعش‎, romanized: Dāʿish, IPA: [ˈdaːʕɪʃ]), is a terrorist militant group and a former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi jihadist doctrine of Sunni Islam. ISIL gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive, followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre. The group has been designated a terrorist organisation by the United Nations as well as by many international organisations and individual countries. ISIL is widely known for its videos of beheadings and other types of executions of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, and its destruction of cultural heritage sites. The United Nations holds ISIL responsible for committing human rights abuses, genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. ISIL also committed ethnic cleansing on a historic and unprecedented scale in northern Iraq. ISIL originated as Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad in 1999, which pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda and participated in the Iraqi insurgency following the 2003 invasion of Iraq by Western forces at the behest of the United States. In June 2014, the group proclaimed itself a worldwide caliphate and began referring to itself as the Islamic State (الدولة الإسلامية ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah; IS). As a caliphate, it claimed religious, political, and military authority over all Muslims worldwide. Its adoption of the name Islamic State and its idea of a caliphate have been widely criticised, with the United Nations, various governments, and mainstream Muslim groups vehemently rejecting its statehood. In Syria, the group conducted ground attacks on both government forces and opposition factions, and by December 2015, it held a large area extending from western Iraq to eastern Syria, containing an estimated 8 to 12 million people, where it enforced its interpretation of sharia law. ISIL is believed to be operational in 18 countries across the world, including Afghanistan and Pakistan, with "aspiring branches" in Mali, Egypt, Somalia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and the Philippines. In 2015, ISIL was estimated to have an annual budget of more than US$1 billion and a force of more than 30,000 fighters. In mid-2014, an international coalition led by the United States intervened against ISIL in Syria and Iraq with a massive airstrike campaign, in addition to supplying advisors, weapons, training, and supplies to ISIL's enemies in the Iraqi Security Forces and Syrian Democratic Forces. This campaign reinvigorated the latter two forces and dealt a huge blow to the nascent Islamist proto-state, killing tens of thousands of ISIL troops and dealing significant damage to their financial and military infrastructure. This was soon followed by a smaller-scale Russian intervention exclusively in Syria, in which ISIL lost thousands more fighters to airstrikes, cruise missile attacks, and other Russian military activities and had its financial base even further degraded. In July 2017, the group lost control of its largest city, Mosul, to the Iraqi army, followed by the loss of its de facto political capital of Raqqa to the Syrian Democratic Forces. Following these major defeats, ISIL continued to lose territory to the various states and other military forces allied against it, until it controlled no meaningful territory by November 2017. US military officials and simultaneous military analyses reported in December 2017 that the group retained a mere 2 percent of the territory they had previously held. On 10 December 2017, Iraq's Prime Minister, Haider al-Abadi, said that Iraqi forces had driven the last remnants of the Islamic State from the country, three years after the militant group captured about a third of Iraq's territory. By 23 March 2019, ISIL lost one of their last significant territories in the Middle East in the Deir ez-Zor campaign, surrendering their "tent city" and pockets in Al-Baghuz Fawqani to the Syrian Democratic Forces at the end of the Battle of Baghuz Fawqani. Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIL since 2013, later killed himself by detonating a suicide vest during a raid into the rebel-held Idlib province of Syria conducted by U.S. special forces on 27 October 2019. On 31 October, ISIL media announced Abu Ibrahim al Hashimi al-Qurayshi to be Baghdadi's successor.
Wikipedia redirect
Al-qaeda in iraq
Al-qaida in iraq
Al qaeda in iraq
AQIZ
ISIS
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (country)
Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham
Emirate of Iraq and Sham
Islamic State of Iraq and Sham
Da'esh
داعش
Islamic State of Iraq and Levant
Islamic State in Iraq and Syria
ISIS (militant group)
ISIL (militant group)
ISIS (terrorist organization)
ISIL (terrorist organization)
ISIL (unrecognized state)
Islamist State of Iraq and al-Sham
Islamist State in Iraq and al-Sham
Islamist State of Iraq and Sham
Hilf al-Mutayibeen
Daesh
Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham
Islamic State of Iraq and al-Shaam
Da'ash
DĀʻiSh
Dāʻish
Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant
DAISH
Islamic State (militant group)
Islamic State (unrecognized state)
Islamic State (terrorist organization)
ISIS/ISIL
IŞİD
Islamic State (organization)
Da'ish
QSIS
ISIL
Isil
Daʿesh
DAʿESH
Da-ish
Khilafah.is
Dawlat al Islamiya fi Iraq wa al Sham
Islamic State in Iraq and Sham
Daish
Da‘ish
Ad-Dawlah al-Islamiyah fi al-‘Iraq wash-Sham
ISIL-kun
Al-Qaeda in Iraq and Syria
DAESH
Islamic state of iraq and the levant
Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria
Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria
Al-Qaeda in Iraq and Greater Syria
Al-Qaeda in Iraq and the Levant
Islamic State group
Criticism of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant
Caliphate of ISIL
War crimes commited by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Caliphate of ISIS
Islamic State of Iraq and syria
Criticism of ISIL
Penal Code of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
UINS
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
The Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham
الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام
Islamic State militant group
Daech
ISIL propaganda and social media
Deash
Un-Islamic Non-State
ISIL Caliphate
Un-Islamic Non-state
Counter-ISIL Coalition
Criticism of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
DA’ESH
Islamic State (IS)
Islamic State (group)
Dawla al Islamiya
Ad-Dawla al-Islamiyya fi al-’Iraq wa-sh-Sham
Ad-Dawlah al-Islamiyah
Islamic State of Iraq and of the Levant
ISIS 2.0
Islamic State of Iraq and of Syria
Islamic State of Iraq and of al-Sham
Allegations of state support for ISIL
ISOIATL
Islamic State of Iraq and The Levant
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Bibliothèque nationale de France ID
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie online ID
DR.dk topic ID
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Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
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Know Your Meme ID
named as
ISIS / Daesh
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Library of Congress authority ID
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