Persian

Western Iranian language
trends
JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember0500
alias
Farsi
Persian language
Farsi language
Iranian language
Dari
fa
Iranian
native label
فارسی (persian)
short name
персидский (russian)
перська (ukrainian)
farsca (azerbaijani)
порсӣ (tajik)
number of speakers
52,939,220
point in time
2015
Wikimedia language code
fa
locator map image
distribution map
media
Dewey Decimal Classification
491.55
Commons category
Persian language
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Wikibooks URL
Wikipedia creation date
12/7/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Persian (/ˈpɜːrʒən, -ʃən/), also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی, fārsi, [fɒːɾˈsiː] (listen)), is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian (officially named Dari since 1958) and Tajiki Persian (officially named Tajik since the Soviet era). It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic. The Persian language is a continuation of Middle Persian, the official religious and literary language of the Sasanian Empire (224–651 CE), itself a continuation of Old Persian, which was used in the Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BC). It originated in the region of Fars (Persia) in southwestern Iran. Its grammar is similar to that of many European languages. Throughout history, Persian has been a prestigious cultural language used by various empires in Western Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia. Old Persian written works are attested in Old Persian cuneiform on several inscriptions from between the 6th and the 4th centuries BC, and Middle Persian literature is attested in Aramaic-derived scripts (Pahlavi and Manichaean) on inscriptions from the time of the Parthian Empire and in books centered in Zoroastrian and Manichaean scriptures from between the 3rd to the 10th century AD. New Persian literature began to flourish after the Arab conquest of Iran with its earliest records from the 9th century, since then adopting the Arabic script. Persian was the first language to break through the monopoly of Arabic on writing in the Muslim world, with the writing of Persian poetry developed as a court tradition in many eastern courts. Some of the famous works of medieval Persian literature are the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, the works of Rumi, the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, the Panj Ganj of Nizami Ganjavi, the Divān of Hafez, The Conference of the Birds by Attar of Nishapur, and the miscellanea of Gulistan and Bustan by Saadi Shirazi. Persian has left a considerable influence on its neighboring languages, including other Iranian languages, the Turkic languages, Armenian, Georgian and the Indo-Aryan languages (especially Urdu). It also exerted some influence on Arabic, particularly Bahrani Arabic, while borrowing some vocabulary from it under medieval Arab rule. There are approximately 110 million Persian speakers worldwide, including Persians, Tajiks, Hazaras, Caucasian Tats and Aimaqs. The term Persophone might also be used to refer to a speaker of Persian.
Wikipedia redirect
Modern Persian
Persian Language
List of Persian dialects
Pingilish
Farsi vs. Persian
Abadani Persian
Abadani Language
Scripts used for Persian
Abadani
فارسی
New Persian
Dehwari dialect
History of the Persian language
Persian-language
The announcement of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature
Fārsi
Farsi Salis language
Persian dialects and varieties
Persian languages
Persian dialects
Persian varieties
ISO 639:fas
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Modern Perisan
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Standard Persian
Abadani language
Classical Persian
Persian-speaking peoples
فارسیة
Persian varieties and dialects
History of Persian language
Farsy
Modern Persian language
Farsi (language)
Scripts used for persian
Farsi+language
History of the persian language
Farci
History of Persian
Persian (language)
Persian-speaking people
Dialects of Persian language
Abadani dialect
Pahlavani dialect
Perisan language
Farsi language
Darwazi language
ISO 639:drw
Fârsi
Farsi-language
ISO 639:fa
Modern persian
Nishapuri Persian accent
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List of countries by Persian-speaking population
پارسی
Nishapuri Farsi accent
Persian dialect
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Abadani accent
New Persian language
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New-Persian
Persian (Language)
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Early Modern Persian
Wikipedia URL
Wikiquote URL
Wikivoyage URL
ABS ASCL 2011 code
4106
Australian Educational Vocabulary ID
BabelNet ID
BNCF Thesaurus ID
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID
Ethnologue.com language code
Freebase ID
Getty AAT ID
Glottolog code
no value
GND ID
GOST 7.75–97 code
пер 535
Great Russian Encyclopedia Online ID
IAB code
1073
IETF language tag
fa
ISO 639-1 code
fa
ISO 639-2 code
ISO 639-3 code
LoC and MARC vocabularies ID
OmegaWiki Defined Meaning
PACTOLS thesaurus ID
UNESCO Thesaurus ID
external links