Microsoft Windows

Family of operating systems produced for personal computers, servers, smartphones and embedded devices
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November 20, 1985
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Windows
MS Windows
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November 20, 1985
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Microsoft Windows
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software version identifier
10.0.18362.30
publication date
April 4, 2019
title
May 2019 Update (english)
preferred
10.0.18865.1000
publication date
March 27, 2019
preferred
10.0.17763.316
end time
October 10, 2028
publication date
February 12, 2019
title
October 2018 Update (english)
version type
10.0.18343.1
publication date
February 22, 2019
title
April 2019 Update (english)
10.0.18841.1000
publication date
February 22, 2019
title
20H1 (english)
10.0.17134.228
publication date
August 14, 2018
10.0.17134.112
publication date
June 12, 2018
10.0.17133
publication date
March 22, 2018
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Wikipedia creation date
11/13/2001
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Wikipedia opening text
Microsoft Windows, commonly referred to as Windows, is a group of several proprietary graphical operating system families, all of which are developed and marketed by Microsoft. Each family caters to a certain sector of the computing industry. Active Microsoft Windows families include Windows NT and Windows IoT; these may encompass subfamilies, e.g. Windows Server or Windows Embedded Compact (Windows CE). Defunct Microsoft Windows families include Windows 9x, Windows Mobile and Windows Phone. Microsoft introduced an operating environment named Windows on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Microsoft Windows came to dominate the world's personal computer (PC) market with over 90% market share, overtaking Mac OS, which had been introduced in 1984. Apple came to see Windows as an unfair encroachment on their innovation in GUI development as implemented on products such as the Lisa and Macintosh (eventually settled in court in Microsoft's favor in 1993). On PCs, Windows is still the most popular operating system. However, in 2014, Microsoft admitted losing the majority of the overall operating system market to Android, because of the massive growth in sales of Android smartphones. In 2014, the number of Windows devices sold was less than 25% that of Android devices sold. This comparison, however, may not be fully relevant, as the two operating systems traditionally target different platforms. Still, numbers for server use of Windows (that are comparable to competitors) show one third market share, similar to that for end user use. As of October 2018[update], the most recent version of Windows for PCs, tablets, smartphones and embedded devices is Windows 10. The most recent version for server computers is Windows Server, version 1903. A specialized version of Windows also runs on the Xbox One video game console.
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