Washington

State of the United States of America
trends
JuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovember0500
inception
November 11, 1889
alias
Evergreen State
WA
State of Washington
Washington State
Washington (state)
native label
State of Washington (english)
nickname
The Evergreen State (english)
short name
Wash. (english)
WA (english)
demonym
Washingtonian (english)
Vaŝingtoniano (esperanto)
official language
No Value
motto text
bye and bye (english)
located in the administrative territorial entity
coordinate location
latitude47.5
longitude-120.5
precision0.1
marriageable age
18 years old
applies to part
17 years old
applies to part
criterion used
population
192019401960198020002M4M6M
7,170,351
point in time
2015
determination method
preferred
6,724,540
point in time
April 1, 2010
determination method
locator map image
5,894,121
point in time
2000
determination method
4,866,692
point in time
1990
determination method
4,132,156
point in time
1980
determination method
3,409,169
point in time
1970
determination method
2,853,214
point in time
1960
determination method
2,378,963
point in time
1950
determination method
1,736,191
point in time
1940
determination method
1,563,396
point in time
1930
determination method
1,356,621
point in time
1920
determination method
1,141,990
point in time
1910
determination method
contains administrative territorial entity
water as percent of area
elevation above sea level
520 metre
pronunciation audio
area
184,827 square kilometre
official website
language of work or name
locator map image
flag image
coat of arms image
media
described at URL
Dewey Decimal Classification
2--797
Commons category
Washington (state)
Commons maps category
Maps of Washington (state)
coordinates of geographic center
latitude47.383
longitude-120.447
precision0
directions
7 mi (11 km) west-southwest of Wenatchee (english)
coordinates of westernmost point
latitude48.185
longitude-124.785
precision0
applies to part
preferred
latitude48.179
longitude-124.772
precision0
latitude48.164
longitude-124.733
precision0
applies to part
location
maximum temperature record
118 degree Fahrenheit
point in time
July 24, 1961
minimum temperature record
-48 degree Fahrenheit
point in time
December 30, 1968
page banner
Wikinews URL
Wikipedia creation date
10/11/2001
Wikipedia incoming links count
Wikipedia opening text
Washington (/ˈwɒʃɪŋtən/ (listen)), officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Named for George Washington, the first U.S. president, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by the British Empire in 1846, in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. The state, which is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, Oregon to the south, Idaho to the east, and the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north, was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Olympia is the state capital; the state's largest city is Seattle. Washington is often referred to as Washington State to distinguish it from the nation's capital, Washington, D.C.. Washington is the 18th largest state, with an area of 71,362 square miles (184,827 km2), and the 13th most populous state, with more than 7.4 million people. Approximately 60 percent of Washington's residents live in the Seattle metropolitan area, the center of transportation, business, and industry along Puget Sound, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean consisting of numerous islands, deep fjords, and bays carved out by glaciers. The remainder of the state consists of deep temperate rainforests in the west; mountain ranges in the west, central, northeast, and far southeast; and a semi-arid basin region in the east, central, and south, given over to intensive agriculture. Washington is the second most populous state on the West Coast and in the Western United States, after California. Mount Rainier, an active stratovolcano, is the state's highest elevation, at almost 14,411 feet (4,392 meters), and is the most topographically prominent mountain in the contiguous U.S. Washington is a leading lumber producer. Its rugged surface is rich in stands of Douglas fir, hemlock, ponderosa pine, white pine, spruce, larch, and cedar. The state is the US's largest producer of apples, hops, pears, red raspberries, spearmint oil, and sweet cherries, and ranks high in the production of apricots, asparagus, dry edible peas, grapes, lentils, peppermint oil, and potatoes. Livestock and livestock products make important contributions to total farm revenue, and the commercial fishing of salmon, halibut, and bottomfish makes a significant contribution to the state's economy. Washington ranks second only to California in the production of wine. Manufacturing industries in Washington include aircraft and missiles, ship-building, and other transportation equipment, lumber, food processing, metals and metal products, chemicals, and machinery. Washington has over 1,000 dams, including the Grand Coulee Dam, built for a variety of purposes, including irrigation, power, flood control, and water storage. Washington is one of the wealthiest and most socially progressive states in the country. The state consistently ranks among the best for life expectancy and low unemployment. Along with Colorado, Washington was one of the first to legalize medicinal and recreational cannabis, was among the first thirty-six states to legalize same-sex marriage, doing so in 2012, and was one of only four U.S. states to have been providing legal abortions on request before the 1973 Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade loosened abortion laws nationwide. Similarly, Washington voters approved a 2008 referendum on legalization of physician-assisted suicide, and is currently only one of five states, along with Oregon, California, Colorado and Vermont, as well as the District of Columbia to have legalized the practice. The state is also one of eight in the country to have criminalized the sale, possession and transfer of bump stocks, with California, Florida, New Jersey, New York, Vermont, Maryland, and Massachusetts also having banned these devices.
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